This paper provides a conceptual overview of key aspects of the design and implementation of solvency stress testing of Islamic banks. Based on existing regulatory standards and prudential practice, the paper explains how Islamic finance principles and their impact on various risk drivers affect the capital assessment of asset-oriented financial intermediation under stress. The formal specification of these risk factors helps operationalize and integrate the stress testing of Islamic banks within established frameworks for financial stability analysis.
Mr. Hamid R Tabarraei, Hamed Ghiaie, and Asghar Shahmoradi
The structural model in this paper proposes a micro-founded framework that incorporates an
active banking sector with an oil-producing sector. The primary goal of adding a banking
sector is to examine the role of an interbank market on shocks, introduce a national
development fund and study its link to the banking sector and the government. The
government and the national development fund directly play key roles in the propagation of
the oil shock. In contrast, the banking sector and the labor market, through perfect
substitution between the oil and non-oil sectors, have major indirect impacts in spreading
This paper discusses key issues related to the conduct of monetary policy in countries that have Islamic banks. It describes the macrofinancial background and monetary policy frameworks where Islamic banks typically operate, and discusses the monetary transmission mechanism in economies where Islamic and conventional banking coexist. Most economies with Islamic banks also have conventional banks and this calls for a comprehensive approach to monetary policy. At the same time, a dual approach to monetary policy should be considered whenever the Islamic segment of the financial system is not as developed as the conventional one. The paper tries to shed light on potential spillovers between conventional and Islamic financial systems, and proposes specific recommendations on the design of Islamic monetary policy operations and for facilitating monetary transmission through the Islamic financial system.
Mr. Mumtaz Hussain, Asghar Shahmoradi, and Rima Turk
Islamic finance has started to grow in international finance across the globe, with some
concentration in few countries. Nearly 20 percent annual growth of Islamic finance in recent
years seems to point to its resilience and broad appeal, partly owing to principles that govern
Islamic financial activities, including equity, participation, and ownership. In theory, Islamic
finance is resilient to shocks because of its emphasis on risk sharing, limits on excessive risk
taking, and strong link to real activities. Empirical evidence on the stability of Islamic banks,
however, is so far mixed. While these banks face similar risks as conventional banks do, they
are also exposed to idiosyncratic risks, necessitating a tailoring of current risk management
practices. The macroeconomic policy implications of the rapid expansion of Islamic finance
are far reaching and need careful considerations.
This detailed assessment report focuses on antimoney laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) for Armenia. The report reveals that Armenia’s financial system remains small and bank dominated. Total assets of the banking sector accounted for approximately 91 percent of the assets in the financial system. Most banks are domestically owned but there is a major foreign presence in the system. The nonbank financial sector plays a small role in financial intermediation.
This paper outlines the recent progress in developing Islamic financial instruments for the management of monetary policy and public borrowing requirements and provides details on new instruments currently being developed in the Islamic Republic of Iran and Sudan. The paper also touches on the institutional arrangements for interbank market operations and the design of effective central bank credit facilities that are needed under Islamic banking to support the development and operation of these new instruments.
This paper analyzes the implications of Islamic precepts on banks’ structure and activities, focusing on banking supervision issues. It points out and discusses these issues in the context of a paradigm version of Islamic banking, as well as in frameworks that fall between the paradigm version and conventional banking. The case of Islamic banks operating in a conventional system is also examined.
The global trend toward lilberalization in countries international payments and transfer systems has been widespread in both industrial and developing countries and most dramatic in Central and Eastern Europe. Countries in general have brought their exchange systems more in line with market principles and moved toward more flexible exchange rate arrangements. This study updates previous studies published under the title Developments in International Exchange and Payments Systems.
This publication begins a new series, Occassional papers, designed to fill a gap in the range of publications of the IMF. Occasional Papers will not be on a particular theme but will contain studies on a variety of economic and financial subjects of importance to the work of the Fund, such as overall developments in national economies, the behavior of international capital markets, and problems related to the functioning of the international monetary system.