Cet ouvrage examine comment l'UEMOA, union monétaire au parcours historique long et varié, peut atteindre ses objectifs de développement et de stabilité, améliorer les conditions de vie de ses citoyens et assurer une meilleure répartition des bienfaits de la croissance économique tout en préservant sa stabilité financière, en rehaussant sa compétitivité et en maintenant les taux de change fixes actuels.
The West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) has a long and varied history, and this book examines how the WAEMU can achieve its development and stability objectives, improve the livelihood of its people, and enhance the inclusiveness of its economic growth, all while preserving its financial stability, enhancing its competitiveness, and maintaining its current fixed exchange rates.
Depuis plusieurs années, le FMI publie un nombre croissant de rapports et autres documents couvrant l'évolution et les tendances économiques et financières dans les pays membres. Chaque rapport, rédigé par une équipe des services du FMI à la suite d'entretiens avec des représentants des autorités, est publié avec l'accord du pays concerné.
Benin’s program furthers the objectives elaborated in the previous report. It is the result of a broad participative process that engaged all levels of government, the private sector, civil society, and donor partners. Executive Directors commend the program as it provides an adequate framework for poverty reduction. The strategy addresses the critical constraints and challenges facing Benin and builds on its comparative advantages. However, it lacks the specificity required to ensure results. Improving alignment of necessary actions and activities in support of the objectives with realistically available resources will help.
Economic activity strengthened in Côte d’Ivoire in 2009, but it is expected to decelerate. Financial performance under the Extended Credit Facility-supported program was broadly satisfactory. Good progress was made in restructuring external debt. The program is in line with the agreed reform goals, but reflects the constraints imposed by the pre-election political situation. Tight expenditure management remains critical for the success of the program. Structural reforms are essential to strengthen growth. The risks to the program are high but manageable.
This Joint Staff Advisory Note reviews the latest Annual Progress Report (APR) on the implementation of the poverty reduction strategy (PRS) for Benin. The APR assesses progress in implementing the strategy during 2006 and the first half of 2007. The APR indicates that significant progress has been made in strengthening the macroeconomic framework. The APR highlights some improvement in social indicators but indicates that, at the current pace, Benin would not be able to reach all the Millennium Development Goal targets by 2015.
This 2008 Article IV Consultation highlights that in the last two years, Benin has experienced a pickup in growth and low inflation supported by prudent fiscal policies and external debt relief. However, progress in addressing core economic vulnerabilities has fallen short of expectations, and the external environment has become less favorable with a strengthening CFA franc adding to competitiveness concerns and surging food and fuel prices accentuating a deterioration in the terms of trade. The surplus on the narrowly defined primary budget is projected to decline to 0.5 percent of GDP in 2008.
This Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) was developed based on a long participatory process based on an institutional mechanism involving all socioeconomic development actors in the country. The annual review of the PRSP seeks to assess the results achieved in the implementation of the poverty reduction strategy by analyzing the evolution of the performance indicators retained and the level of execution of the matrix of measures retained in the PRSP. This study is based on the reports of IMF staff's PRSP and information collected from government projects, program budget, and framework.
The Second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (SCRP) for Benin explains growth strategy for poverty reduction. The SCRP emphasizes the importance of addressing governance, transparency, and corruption. Capacity for budget management will also have to be improved at the level of sectoral ministries. The SCRP could be strengthened in future progress reports. To facilitate the achievement of key objectives, the authorities should establish appropriate institutions that implement, monitor, and evaluate progress under the strategy.
The staff report for the Second Review under the Three-Year Arrangement under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) highlights Benin’s macroeconomic framework. All quantitative performance criteria (PC) and benchmarks for the period through end-December 2006 were observed, but one structural performance criterion and one structural benchmark were missed. Reform of the civil service pension fund is urgently needed. Benin’s newly issued Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (GPRSP) places renewed emphasis on private sector-led economic growth.