International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept. and International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.
The paper presents summary results for the updated data set, with country-by-country details provided in Appendix I. In terms of broad country groups, the results of the data update are broadly consistent with trends observed in previous updates. The aggregate share of Emerging Market and Developing Countries (EMDCs) increased by 0.3 pp, to 50.0 percent, following a small decline in the EMDCs’ share recorded in the 2018 data update. The rising EMDC share reflected again foremost an increase for Asia. Most advanced economies recorded a small decrease in their calculated quota share using the current quota formula.
International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, &, Review Department, and International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department
At the time of the 2005 Review of the Fund’s Transparency Policy, the Executive Board requested
regular updates on trends in implementing the transparency policy. The tables in this report
provide an overview of recent developments, reflecting information on documents considered by
the Board in 2017 and updating the previous annual report on Key Trends. Deeper analysis of
these trends is undertaken in the context of periodic reviews of the Fund’s Transparency Policy.
Co-movement (synchronicity) in inflation rates among a set of 13 emerging and developing countries in Asia is shown to be strongest for the food component, partly due to common rainfall shocks—a result which the paper terms the ‘monsoon effect.’ Economies with higher trade integration and co-movement in nominal effective exchange rates also experience greater food-inflation co-movement. By contrast, cross-country co-movement in core inflation is weak and the aforementioned determinants have little explanatory power, suggesting a prominent role for idiosyncratic domestic factors in driving core inflation. In the context of the growing literature on the globalization of inflation, these results suggest that common weather patterns are partly responsible for any role played by a so-called ‘global factor’ among inflation rates in emerging and developing economies, in Asia at least.