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International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
The COVID-19 pandemic is having an adverse impact on Rwanda’s economy, despite a sizeable policy response. Output in 2020 is projected to contract by 0.2 percent, compared to an 8 percent increase expected pre-pandemic. The government’s early actions helped contain the spread of the virus and mitigate its economic impact, supported by financing from Rwanda’s development partners, including from the IMF under the RCF. With the number of infections contained, the authorities are gradually easing up containment measures.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This 2019 Article IV Consultation discusses that stronger real gross domestic product (GDP) growth is envisaged in the near term, with a recovery in hydrocarbon output. Medium-term growth will be buoyed by increased gas production and non-hydrocarbon growth. Expenditure consolidation would help to sustain fiscal and external surpluses. Ample liquidity will enable credit growth to support non-hydrocarbon GDP. Trade and geopolitical tensions could undermine investor confidence and weaken fiscal and external positions. The policy priorities are fiscal consolidation, strengthened fiscal policy frameworks, enhanced resiliency of the financial sector, financial inclusion, and a diversified economy. The financial sector remains sound, underpinned by strong profitability and capital. Strengthening the regulatory and supervisory frameworks would help to bolster financial stability. Attention to women’s empowerment by introducing legislation emphasizing equality in remuneration and avoiding gender-based discrimination would support inclusive growth.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights the adverse impact of lower hydrocarbon prices on the macroeconomic performance of Qatar. Growth has slowed despite still-resilient nonhydrocarbon activity. Real GDP growth of 2.7 percent is estimated for 2016. Inflation remained low despite subsidy cuts, averaging about 2.7 percent in 2016. Growth is expected to slow in the medium term as public investment growth tapers off and hydrocarbon output continues to slow. Further subsidy cuts, a moderate recovery in global commodity prices, and the introduction of a value-added tax are expected to improve the fiscal and external balances gradually over the near to medium term.
International Monetary Fund
This 2011 Article IV Consultation highlights that Qatar is using its fiscal space, generated from an increase in hydrocarbon production and prices, to implement a large public spending program. Large infrastructure investments are expected to sustain strong growth of 9 percent to 10 percent in the nonhydrocarbon sector in the medium term. The potential inflationary effect of the recent fiscal package is estimated to be about 1 percentage point. This underscores the need for fiscal policy to monitor aggregate demand and for the Qatar Central Bank to manage liquidity.
International Monetary Fund
The Executive Board of the IMF on July 25, 2011, has approved a disbursement of an amount equivalent to SDR 1.245 million under the Rapid Credit Facility (RCF) for St. Vincent and the Grenadines to help the country meet the urgent balance-of-payments need caused by torrential rains, flooding, and landslides in April that caused extensive damage to infrastructure, agriculture, and housing. The RCF, which provides rapid financial assistance for low-income countries with an urgent balance-of-payments need, does not require any program-based conditionality or review.
International Monetary Fund
Issues and statistical appendices are discussed. Government-related entities (GREs) have been a major source of growth and development for the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) economy. The global financial and economic crisis has, however, unveiled the fiscal and financial risks posed by GREs. The objective of this paper is to identify the risks posed by financially underperforming GREs. Policies to manage GREs are also explained, and policy responses to crisis are explained. Statistical appendices are included.
International Monetary Fund
Qatar has weathered the global economic crisis well. Enhancement of liquefied natural gas capacity (LNG), government support to the banking system, and increase in public spending sustain the high growth rates. There is a need to monitor aggregate demand to prevent the resurgence of inflation pressures. The creation of a financial stability unit and the results of recent stress tests show the banking system’s resilience to market and credit risks. The coordination among data providers and intention to seek technical assistance in consumer price index are noted.
International Monetary Fund
The staff report for Qatar’s 2009 Article IV Consultation describes economic development and policies. The underlying strength of the economy derived from  Qatar’s hydrocarbon  revenues, and timely and decisive intervention by the government in the banking system has helped to limit the impact of the global crisis and maintain financial stability. A cornerstone  of Qatar’s strategy is  commitment to diversify the economy by building related industries around the full liquefied natural gas value-chain and linking upstream, midstream, and downstream components.
Mr. R. G Gelos, Mr. Guido M Sandleris, and Ms. Ratna Sahay
What determines the ability of governments from developing countries to access international credit markets? We examine this question using detailed data on sovereign bond issuances and public syndicated bank loans since 1982. We find that traditional measures of a country’s links with the rest of the world (such as trade openness) and traditional liquidity and macroeconomic indicators do not help much in explaining market access. However, a country’s vulnerability to shocks and the perceived quality of its policies and institutions appear to be important determinants of its government’s ability to tap the markets. We are unable to detect strong punishment of defaulting countries by credit markets.