The transition strategy from administratively set interest rates to market rates is discussed. Despite worldwide trends toward financial liberalization, few monetary authorities are prepared to accept as reasonable any interest rate level that is market determined. The paper suggests some helpful indicators to assess the adequacy of interest rates and discusses factors that contribute to a smooth liberalization process. The main conclusion is that interest rate liberalization is not synonymous with laissez-faire policies, but requires the replacement of the administratively set interest rates by indirect monetary management techniques that operate through the market.
This paper estimates a model of financial markets in Colombia to examine: 1) the authorities’ control over domestic interest rates and the money stock; and 2) the effects of the crawling peg exchange rate policy on exchange rate expectations and domestic interest rates. The authorities appeared to possess some control over the money stock in the short run, mostly because of the existence of capital controls, but most of this control was eroded once asset demands adjust to their desired banks. The expected rate of depreciation is not closely linked to the crawling peg.