Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 42 items for :

  • Egypt, Arab Republic of x
  • Public financial management (PFM) x
Clear All
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Abstract

A year into the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the race between vaccine and virus entered a new phase in the Middle East and Central Asia, and the path to recovery in 2021 is expected to be long and divergent. The outlook will vary significantly across countries, depending on the pandemic’s path, vaccine rollouts, underlying fragilities, exposure to tourism and contact-intensive sectors, and policy space and actions. 2021 will be the year of policies that continue saving lives and livelihoods and promote recovery, while balancing the need for debt sustainability and financial resilience. At the same time, policymakers must not lose sight of the transformational challenges to build forward better and accelerate the creation of more inclusive, resilient, sustainable, and green economies. Regional and international cooperation will be key complements to strong domestic policies.

International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

First Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Monetary Policy Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Arab Republic of Egypt

International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
The growth impact of the COVID-19 crisis has so far been less severe than expected, as strong consumption helped offset weak tourism and investment. Measures taken to address the health and social needs and support the sectors most directly affected by the crisis appear to have helped mitigate the impact of the shock. External market conditions have improved with a strong return of portfolio inflows since the approval of the Stand-By Arrangement (SBA).
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

On behalf of the Egyptian authorities, I would like to thank Management and the Board for their support in response to the sudden balance of payment shock under the RFI, and their continued support under this SBA request. We also thank staff for the close engagement during remote missions and the careful deliberations and reports. The authorities are in broad agreement with the assessment of the fallout on the economy from the COVID-19 pandemic and the policy response. I will focus this statement on the policies to mitigate the shock and support economic recovery and key priorities for the medium-term.

International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

This statement provides an update on developments since the issuance of the staff report on Request for a 12-Month Stand-By Arrangement on June 17. This information does not in any way alter staff’s appraisal.

International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Egypt's underlying structural weaknesses and the prolonged political transition have led to the build-up of macroeconomic imbalances. A significantly overvalued exchange rate has undermined competitiveness and depleted international reserves. Weak revenue combined with poorly targeted subsidies and a growing public sector wage bill have resulted in persistent large fiscal deficits and a high level of public debt. Real and potential growth have slowed since 2011 as foreign exchange shortages and the weak business climate deterred investment and impeded productivity improvement and job creation. Regional instability and security concerns have also taken a toll on the economy, especially on tourism. Risks of economic distress increased.