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International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Political risks appear to have subsided with the completion of legislative and local elections in October. The economy is slowly recovering, fiscal consolidation has continued, inflation has remained low, and the trade balance has improved. The recovery is expected to firm up in 2019 and the medium-term outlook is still promising, although risks remain mostly tilted to the downside.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Political risks appear to have subsided with the completion of legislative and local elections in October. The economy is slowly recovering, fiscal consolidation has continued, inflation has remained low, and the trade balance has improved. The recovery is expected to firm up in 2019 and the medium-term outlook is still promising, although risks remain mostly tilted to the downside.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
This paper discusses Gabon’s Second Review of the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Requests for Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria and Waivers of Applicability, and Financing Assurances Review. The short-term outlook for Gabon remains challenging. Although a growth rebound in 2018 is expected given good prospects for foreign direct investment and higher oil prices, low non-oil revenue collections and tight short-term liquidity conditions at the Treasury will require decisive implementation of the recently announced fiscal consolidation plan. Timely clearance of domestic arrears is needed to strengthen banks’ balance sheets and increase credit to the private sector to support growth, while clearance of external arrears is crucial to maintain Gabon’s creditworthiness and access to external financing.
International Monetary Fund
The staff report for the Request for Stand-By Arrangement on Gabon highlights economic developments and policies. A higher-than-anticipated rise in oil GDP more than offset lower-than-expected growth of non-oil GDP. Overall fiscal performance was strong, as the non-oil primary deficit was reduced by 8.6 percentage points to 8.2 percent of non-oil GDP in 2003. The authorities have strengthened their medium-term program to address the weaknesses in public finances that came to the fore under the staff-monitored program (SMP) and to tackle the impediments to private sector development while improving social indicators.
International Monetary Fund

The staff report for the Request for Stand-By Arrangement on Gabon highlights economic developments and policies. A higher-than-anticipated rise in oil GDP more than offset lower-than-expected growth of non-oil GDP. Overall fiscal performance was strong, as the non-oil primary deficit was reduced by 8.6 percentage points to 8.2 percent of non-oil GDP in 2003. The authorities have strengthened their medium-term program to address the weaknesses in public finances that came to the fore under the staff-monitored program (SMP) and to tackle the impediments to private sector development while improving social indicators.

International Monetary Fund

The continued decline in oil production and the absence of sustained adjustment policies have contributed to Gabon's uneven economic performance over the past three years. To strengthen further the track record before discussing a possible IMF-supported program, a staff-monitored program has been established for the period September–December 2003. The authorities emphasized their determination to confront the challenges facing the country by pursuing policies aimed at diversifying the economy, sustaining growth, and reducing poverty while containing financial imbalances.

Mr. Philippe Beaugrand, Mr. Montfort Mlachila, and Mr. Boileau Loko
The paper reviews the principles and practical considerations involved in the choice between foreign and domestic financing of fiscal deficits, and derives a series of recommendations broadly applicable to Central and West African countries. The paper develops a simple analytical framework and shows that highly concessional external debt is usually a superior choice to domestic debt in terms of financial costs and risks, even in the face of a probable devaluation. The paper stresses the importance of the availability and terms of financing, and of overall long-term debt sustainability. It concludes that these countries need to take a gradual approach to domestic debt financing, beginning with the issuance of short-term bills, and ensure a solid track record of meeting their debt-service obligations.