The overall fiscal position improved and the reduction in domestic arrears was triple the program target. The direct impact of the global financial crisis on Djibouti has been limited. The financial system has not been affected by the global crisis, and capital adequacy has improved slightly despite increased competition. GDP growth remained strong in 2008, and inflation decelerated during the fourth quarter. The risk of external debt distress remains high. Banks remain profitable and have not been affected by the global financial crisis.
This paper assesses Ethiopia’s 2002 Article IV Consultation and Third Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) Arrangement. Performance under the first annual PRGF-supported program was good, and the second annual program remains on track. All the quantitative and structural performance criteria and benchmarks for December 2001 and March 2002 were met, with the exception of the revised regulation for the provisioning by banks for nonperforming loans, which was adopted, but was not fully in line with international best practice, as had been envisaged.
This Selected Issues paper describes economic developments in Eritrea during the 1990s. The paper highlights that since the early 1990s, the Eritrean economy has recovered considerably, thanks to the rebuilding of the infrastructure and the improved availability of essential imports following major trade reforms in 1994. During 1993–96, real GDP growth averaged about 4 percent annually, ahead of the estimated population growth rate of about 3 percent. However, annual growth was erratic over the period mainly because of the drought conditions in 1993 and 1995, whereas the weather was exceptionally favorable in 1994.