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International Monetary Fund


This paper reviews key findings of the IMF’s Annual Report for the fiscal year ended April 30, 1977. The report highlights that after a cessation of economic growth in 1974 and an unusual decline in 1975, real gross national product in the industrial countries expanded by almost 5½ percent in 1976. Increases in the range of 5–6½ percent occurred in all of the larger industrial countries except the United Kingdom. The deep and prolonged international recession that started late in 1973 reached its low point in the first half of 1975.

International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department


This paper outlines that many countries have only begun to recover from the devastation of war; and the reconstruction of their economic and monetary systems will take several years. The wartime economic controls of many members of the IMF are still in force. Concrete measures for international economic cooperation, in spheres other than the financial, are not as far advanced as had earlier been hoped. International political cooperation leaves much to be desired. A number of countries, particularly in Europe and the Far East, find their international economic position seriously deteriorated as a result of the war. Their first task is to restore agricultural and industrial production on a modern and efficient basis and to bring it into line with the new requirements of the market. Although foreign aid has been of great assistance, it is important to recognize that recovery in the occupied countries has depended and will continue to depend primarily on their own efforts.