Mr. Johannes Herderschee, Ran Li, Abdoulaye Ouedraogo, and Ms. Luisa Zanforlin
Whereas most of the literature related to the so-called “resource curse” tends to emphasize on institutional factors and public policies, in this research we focus on the role of the financial sector, which has been surprisingly overlooked. We find that countries that have financial systems with more depth, as well as those that actively manage their central banks’ balance sheets experience less exchange-rate appreciation than countries that do not. We analyze the relationship between these two findings and suggest that they appear to follow separate mechanisms.
Aqib Aslam, Samya Beidas-Strom, Mr. Rudolfs Bems, Oya Celasun, and Zsoka Koczan
Commodity prices have declined sharply over the past three years, and output growth has
slowed considerably among countries that are net exporters of commodities. A critical
question for policy makers in these economies is whether commodity windfalls influence
potential output. Our analysis suggests that both actual and potential output move together
with commodity terms of trade, but that actual output comoves twice as strongly as
potential output. The weak commodity price outlook is estimated to subtract 1 to 2¼
percentage points from actual output growth annually on average during 2015-17. The
forecast drag on potential output is about one-third of that for actual output.