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Emma Angulo and Alicia Hierro
This paper analyzes asymmetries in direct investment positions reported in the Coordinated Direct Investment Survey (CDIS) following a top down approach. First, it examines asymmetries at global level; second, it examines asymmetries between CDIS reported and derived data for individual economies; and third, the paper analyzes data at bilateral economy level. Then, the paper explores seven main reasons for asymmetries, including those arising even when economies follow international standards. Finally, the paper includes a section on addressing bilateral asymmetries and concludes with specific planned actions to reduce asymmetries, including initiatives led by international organizations.
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
This Selected Issues paper analyzes factors that could bring inflation back to target in Thailand. The paper estimates a hybrid New Keynesian Phillips curve with time varying parameters to gauge the quantitative role of (long-term) inflation trends, economic slack, and import price inflation in shaping inflation dynamics. The analysis reveals some important changes in Thailand’s inflation dynamics. It suggests that the impact of lower import prices was a major factor behind the decline in headline inflation in 2015, with low oil prices the largest contributor to inflation dynamics. Monetary policy easing, within a broader expansionary policy mix, should help bring inflation back to target.
Miss Rita Mesias

Abstract

This Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide (Guide) has been prepared to assist economies in participating in the Coordinated Direct Investment Survey (CDIS). The CDIS is being conducted under the auspices of the Statistics Department of the IMF across a wide range of economies. The survey is conducted simultaneously by all participating economies; uses consistent definitions; and encourages best practices in collecting, compiling, and disseminating data on direct investment positions. The CDIS is thus an important tool in capturing world totals and the geographic distribution of direct investment positions, thereby contributing to important new understandings of the extent of globalization, and improving the overall quality of direct investment data worldwide. As of the writing of this updated Guide, more than 100 economies participate in the CDIS.

International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Abstract

The IMF has released the 2013 External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users (2013 EDS Guide), which contains updated global standards for the compilation, reporting, and analytical use of external debt statistics. The 2013 EDS Guide was prepared under the responsibility of the nine organizations in the Inter-Agency Task Force on Finance Statistics (TFFS), in close consultation with national compilers of external debt, balance of payments, and international investment position statistics. [1] The 2013 EDS Guide reflects the significant developments in international finance since the issuance of the 2003 EDS Guide. The 2013 EDS Guide provides guidance on (1) the concepts, definitions, and classifications of external debt data; (2) the sources and techniques for compiling these data; and (3) the analytical uses of these data. The concepts set out in the 2013 EDS Guide are fully harmonized with those of the System of National Accounts 2008 (2008 SNA) and the sixth edition of the IMF’s Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6). [1] The TFFS is chaired by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and its member agencies are the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the Commonwealth Secretariat (ComSec), the European Central Bank (ECB), the European Commission (Eurostat), the IMF, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the Paris Club Secretariat, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), and the World Bank.

International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Abstract

El FMI ha publicado Estadísticas de la deuda externa: Guía para compiladores y usuarios 2013 (Guía de la deuda 2013), que contiene normas mundiales actualizadas para la compilación, declaración y uso analítico de las estadísticas de la deuda externa. La Guía de la deuda 2013 fue elaborada por las nueve organizaciones del Grupo de tareas interinstitucional sobre estadísticas financieras (GTIEF), en estrecha consulta con compiladores nacionales de estadísticas de deuda externa, balanza de pagos y posición de inversión internacional. [1] En la Guía de la deuda 2013 se recogen los principales acontecimientos en las finanzas internacionales desde su publicación. La Guía de la deuda 2013 ofrece directrices sobre 1) los conceptos, las definiciones y las clasificaciones de los datos sobre la deuda externa; 2) las fuentes y técnicas de compilación de estos datos; y 3) los usos analíticos de estos datos. Los conceptos de la Guía están plenamente armonizados con los del Sistema de Cuentas Nacionales (2008) y la sexta edición del Manual de Balanza de Pagos y Posición de Inversión Internacional del FMI. [1] El GTIEF está presidido por el Fondo Monetario Internacional (FMI) e integrado por el Banco Central Europeo (BCE), el Banco Mundial, el Banco de Pagos Internacionales (BPI), la Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre Comercio y Desarrollo (UNCTAD), Eurostat, la Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económicos (OCDE), la Secretaría del Club de París y la Secretaría del Commonwealth.

International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Abstract

The IMF has released the 2013 External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users (2013 EDS Guide), which contains updated global standards for the compilation, reporting, and analytical use of external debt statistics. The 2013 EDS Guide was prepared under the responsibility of the nine organizations in the Inter-Agency Task Force on Finance Statistics (TFFS), in close consultation with national compilers of external debt, balance of payments, and international investment position statistics. [1] The 2013 EDS Guide reflects the significant developments in international finance since the issuance of the 2003 EDS Guide. The 2013 EDS Guide provides guidance on (1) the concepts, definitions, and classifications of external debt data; (2) the sources and techniques for compiling these data; and (3) the analytical uses of these data. The concepts set out in the 2013 EDS Guide are fully harmonized with those of the System of National Accounts 2008 (2008 SNA) and the sixth edition of the IMF’s Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6). [1] The TFFS is chaired by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and its member agencies are the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the Commonwealth Secretariat (ComSec), the European Central Bank (ECB), the European Commission (Eurostat), the IMF, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the Paris Club Secretariat, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), and the World Bank.

International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Abstract

The IMF has released the 2013 External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users (2013 EDS Guide), which contains updated global standards for the compilation, reporting, and analytical use of external debt statistics. The 2013 EDS Guide was prepared under the responsibility of the nine organizations in the Inter-Agency Task Force on Finance Statistics (TFFS), in close consultation with national compilers of external debt, balance of payments, and international investment position statistics. [1] The 2013 EDS Guide reflects the significant developments in international finance since the issuance of the 2003 EDS Guide. The 2013 EDS Guide provides guidance on (1) the concepts, definitions, and classifications of external debt data; (2) the sources and techniques for compiling these data; and (3) the analytical uses of these data. The concepts set out in the 2013 EDS Guide are fully harmonized with those of the System of National Accounts 2008 (2008 SNA) and the sixth edition of the IMF’s Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6). [1] The TFFS is chaired by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and its member agencies are the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the Commonwealth Secretariat (ComSec), the European Central Bank (ECB), the European Commission (Eurostat), the IMF, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the Paris Club Secretariat, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), and the World Bank.

International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Abstract

Le FMI a publié l'édition 2013 de « Statistiques de la dette extérieure : Guide pour les statisticiens et les utilisateurs » (guide SDE 2013), qui contient des normes mondiales actualisées pour l'établissement, la communication et l'utilisation analytique des statistiques de la dette extérieure. L'édition 2013 a été rédigée sous la responsabilité conjointe de neuf organisations réunies au sein de l'équipe spéciale des statistiques des finances, en consultation étroite avec les statisticiens nationaux dans les domaines de la dette extérieure, de la balance des paiements et de la position extérieure globale. [1] L'édition 2013 du Guide des statistiques de la dette extérieure tient compte de l'évolution considérable de la finance internationale depuis la publication de l'édition 2003. Le guide SDE 2013 fournit des orientations sur 1) les concepts, définitions et classifications des statistiques de la dette du secteur public; 2) les sources et les techniques d'établissement de ces statistiques; et 3) les applications analytiques de ces données. Les concepts établis dans le guide SDE 2013 sont pleinement harmonisés avec ceux du Système de comptabilité nationale 2008 (SCN 2008) et de la sixième édition du Manuel de la balance des paiements et de la position extérieure globale (MBP6). [1] L’ESSF est présidée par le Fonds monétaire international et inclut des représentants de la Banque des règlements internationaux, du Secrétariat du Commonwealth, de la Banque centrale européenne, d’Eurostat, du FMI, de l’Organisation pour la coopération et le développement économiques, du Secrétariat du Club de Paris, de la Conférence des Nations Unies sur le commerce et le développement et de la Banque mondiale.

International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Abstract

The External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users (EDS Guide) contains updated global standards for the compilation, reporting, and analytical use of external debt statistics. The 2013 EDS Guide was prepared under the responsibility of the nine organizations in the Inter-Agency Task Force on Finance Statistics, in close consultation with national compilers of external debt, balance of payments, and international investment position statistics, and reflects the significant developments in international finance since the issuance of the 2003 EDS Guide. The new edition provides guidance on the concepts, definitions, and classifications of external debt data; the sources and techniques for compiling these data; and the analytical uses of these data.

Markus Bruckner and Mr. Rabah Arezki
This paper examines the effect that windfalls from international commodity price booms have on net foreign assets in a panel of 145 countries during the period 1970-2007. The main finding is that windfalls from international commodity price booms lead to a significant increase in net foreign assets, but only in countries that are homogeneous. In polarized countries, net foreign assets significantly decreased. To explain this asymmetry, the paper shows that in polarized countries commodity windfalls lead to large increases in government spending, political corruption, and the risk of expropriation, with no overall effect on GDP per capita growth. The paper's findings are consistent with theoretical models of the current account that have a built-in voracity effect.