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Zsoka Koczan
Emerging Europe has undergone a major economic transformation over the past 25 years. Most countries experienced initial drops in output during transition, followed by recovery in the second half of the 1990s. The path of transition in the Western Balkans has however been particularly uneven. The effects of transition also seem to have been more traumatic and persistent in the Western Balkans, and nostalgia for the past appears to be more prevalent here than in other former communist regions. Such dissatisfaction has important implications for the political economy of further reforms. This paper aims to inform policy by complementing the analysis of standard macro-level measures of inequality and poverty with a household-level analysis of subjective perceptions of poverty. We find that many more people appear to feel poor than are classified as such using purely income-based measures. Uncertainty, in particular related to expectations of future income and vulnerability to shocks, appears to be a key driver behind this discrepancy.
International Monetary Fund
This Joint Staff Advisory Note focuses on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) for Albania. The note analyzes the National Strategy for Development and Integration (NSDI) program, which represents a significant improvement in process over the previous PRSP. The note discusses that the main strengths of the current process are strong government ownership; a broader participatory process that lays the foundation for greater civil society participation in public policy making; an improved poverty diagnosis; and ambitious plans for monitoring the overall effectiveness of Albania’s public expenditures.
International Monetary Fund
This paper focuses on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper—National Strategy for Development and Integration (PRSP–NSDI) for Albania. The paper provides an overview of the key challenges facing the country. It presents a brief statement of the national vision, identifies the strategic priorities, and articulates the strategic goals to be achieved. The paper also summarizes the key points of each of the underlying strategies by strategic priority, and discusses the main changes in the distribution of resources across broad sectors that will be needed in the period 2007–13.
International Monetary Fund
This paper reviews the progress report on implementation of the National Strategy for Socio-Economic Development (NSSED) during 2004 in Albania. The NSSED established a multiyear plan to combat poverty and strengthen governance. The main implication of the Integrated Planning System for the NSSED is that it will evolve into a comprehensive strategic planning framework. Its focus will accordingly shift toward medium to long-term planning, ensuring that a coherent, costed, mutually consistent sector and cross-cutting strategies are developed that serve as the policy basis for the annual Medium-Term Budget Program process.
International Monetary Fund
This report presents the Joint Staff Assessment of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Annual Progress Report (APR) for Albania. The second year of National Strategy for Socio-Economic Development (NSSED) implementation in Albania saw significant improvements in a number of areas, despite continuing political uncertainties and governance issues. The APR presents an appropriate analysis of poverty, recent economic developments, and sectoral reforms. The IMF staff commends the government for using information from the Living Standard Measurement Survey and other sources to analyze patterns in living standards and to enrich its previous diagnoses of poverty.
International Monetary Fund
This Progress Report reviews implementation of Albania’s National Strategy for Socio-Economic Development (NSSED) during 2003. The report is primarily orientated toward the vitalization and harmonization of mid-term and long-term development objectives; the principle of further prioritization of public measures; the real costing of priority public measures; and the extension of Albanian ownership of NSSED. The report also offers an improved mid-term vision and serves as a starting point for a long-term visionary process based on credible and realistic analyses.
International Monetary Fund
The Joint Staff Assessment (JSA) reviews the first Annual Progress Report of its Poverty Reduction Strategy paper, known in Albania as the National Strategy for Socio-Economic Development (NSSED). The JSA noted that the first year's performance in implementing the NSSED is satisfactory, and the Progress Report, despite weaknesses, is acceptable. The staff of the World Bank and IMF considers that the country's efforts toward implementation of the strategy provide sufficient evidence for its continuing commitment to poverty reduction, and therefore the strategy continues to provide a credible framework for Bank and IMF concessional assistance.