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International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Abstract

This guide explains the nature and objectives of the General Data Dissemination System (GDDS), describes its operation, and provides practical guidance to IMF member countries on participation in the system. The GDDS provides members with a basic framework for a broader national statistical development strategy. It covers a set of statistics recognized to be essential for all countries for policymaking and analysis in an environment that increasingly requires relevant, comprehensive, accurate, and timely statistics available to the general public. The General Data Dissemination System: Guide for Participants and Users addresses the full range of issues critical for compiling and disseminating data and making explicit plans for improvement to align national procedures with best practices.

International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Abstract

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) launched the data standards initiatives to enhance member countries’ data transparency and to promote their development of sound statistical systems. The need for data standards was highlighted by the financial crises of the mid-1990s, in which information deficiencies were seen to play a role. Under the data standards initiatives, the IMF established the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) in 1996 to provide guidance to countries that have or seek access to capital markets to disseminate key data so that users in general, and financial market participants in particular, have adequate information to assess the economic situations of individual countries. The SDDS not only prescribes that subscribers disseminate certain data categories, but also prescribes that subscribers disseminate the relevant metadata to promote public knowledge and understanding of their compilation practices with respect to the required data categories. In 1997, the IMF introduced under the initiatives the General Data Dissemination System (GDDS) to provide a framework for countries that aim to develop their statistical systems, within which they can work toward disseminating comprehensive and reliable data and, eventually, meet SDDS requirements. At the Eighth Review of the Fund’s Data Standards Initiatives in February 2012, the IMF’s Executive Board approved the SDDS Plus as an upper tier of the Fund’s data standards initiatives. The SDDS Plus is open to all SDDS subscribers and is aimed at economies with systemically important financial sectors.

International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Abstract

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) launched the Data Standards Initiatives to enhance member countries’ data transparency and to promote their development of sound statistical systems. The need for data standards was highlighted by the financial crises of the mid-1990s, in which information deficiencies were seen to play a role. Under the Data Standards Initiatives, the IMF established the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) in 1996 to provide guidance to countries that have or seek access to capital markets to disseminate key data so that users in general, and financial market participants in particular, have adequate information to assess the economic situations of individual countries. In 1997, the IMF introduced under the initiatives the General Data Dissemination System (GDDS) to provide a framework for countries that aim to develop their statistical systems, within which they can work toward disseminating comprehensive and reliable data and, eventually, meet SDDS requirements. In February 2012, the IMF Executive Board approved the establishment of the SDDS Plus as a third tier of the Fund’s Data Standards Initiatives to address data gaps revealed during the global crisis. The SDDS Plus is open to all SDDS subscribers: those with systemically important financial sectors are encouraged to adhere early to the initiative.

Ms. Claudia H Dziobek, Mr. Alberto F Jimenez de Lucio, and Mr. James A Chan
This note addresses the following main issues: • Statistical definitions of government (Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001) • Institutional structure of government and public sector • What is a precise definition of government and why it is relevant • Potential pitfalls of lacking a precise definition of government • Definitions of government in IMF-supported programs • Applications for fiscal rules and other fiscal policy design
International Monetary Fund

Abstract

La labor que dedica el FMI a las normas sobre divulgación de datos abarca dos niveles: el Sistema General de Divulgación de Datos (SGDD), que se aplica a todos los países miembros del FMI, y las Normas Especiales para la Divulgación de Datos (NEDD), para los países que tienen o buscan acceso a los mercados internacionales de capital. El marco del SGDD ofrece a los gobiernos una guía sobre el desarrollo general de los datos macroeconómicos, financieros y sociodemográficos fundamentales para el análisis y la formulación de políticas en un contexto que, cada vez más, requiere datos estadísticos relevantes, exhaustivos y exactos. Esta Guía explica la naturaleza, objetivos y funcionamiento del SGDD; qué tipos de datos comprende y cómo participan los países. Brinda a las autoridades estadísticas nacionales una herramienta de gestión y un marco para promover una metodología estadística sólida, la compilación de datos con criterios profesionales y la divulgación de datos. Esta Guía reemplaza a la versión actualizada en marzo de 2002 e incorpora los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio, de las Naciones Unidas, como elementos específicos del componente sociodemográfico del SGDD, desarrollado en colaboración con el Banco Mundial.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The IMF's work on data dissemination standards consists of two tiers: the General Data Dissemination System (GDDS), which applies to all IMF member countries, and the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS), for those members having or seeking access to international capital markets. The GDDS framework provide governments with guidance on the overall development of the macroeconomic, financial, and sociodemographic data that are essential for policymaking and analysis in an environment that increasingly requires relevant, comprehensive, and accurate statistical data. This Guide explains the nature, objectives, and operation of the GDDS; the data dimensions it covers; and how countries participate. It provides national statistical authorities with a management tool and a framework to foster sound statistical methodology, professional data compilation, and data dissemination. The Guide supersedes the version updated in March 2002 and incorporates the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as specific elements of the GDDS sociodemographic component, which was articulated with the collaboration of the World Bank.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) was established by the IMF in 1996 to guide members that already had, or that might seek, access to international capital markets in providing key economic and financial data to the public. In the following year, the IMF established the General Data Dissemination Standard (GDDS), which seeks to prepare countries for meeting the requirements of the SDDS. Data supplied by countries subscribing to the SDDS, as well as information provided by countries participating in the GDDS, are posted on the Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB) on the IMF's public website (http://dsbb.imf.org). This Guide is intended to assist subscribers of the SDDS, GDDS participants moving toward subscription to the SDDS, and users of the DSBB in becoming aware of the features and scope of the SDDS and the DSBB. It is intended to further the IMF's initiatives in data transparency and standards, to enhance the public availability of timely and comprehensive international statistics, and therefore to contribute to countries pursuit of sound macroeconomic policies and to the improved functioning of global financial markets.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

Las Normas Especiales para la Divulgación de Datos (NEDD) fueron establecidas por el FMI en 1996 con el objeto de orientar a los países que ya tienen acceso o procuran obtener acceso a los mercados internacionales de capital en la tarea de divulgar datos económicos y financieros al público. Al año siguiente, el FMI estableció las Normas Generales para la Divulgación de Datos (NGDD), con el objeto de preparar a los países para que puedan cumplir con los requisitos de las NEDD. Los datos suministrados por los países suscriptos a las NEDD, así como la información proporcionada por los países participantes en las NGDD, se publican en la Cartelera Electrónica de Divulgación de Datos (CEDD) en la página web pública del FMI (http://dsbb.imf.org). Esta Guía busca ayudar los suscriptores de las NEDD, a los participantes en el SGDD en transición hacia las NEDD, y a los usuarios de la CEDD a familiarizarse con las características y el alcance de las NEDD y de la CEDD. Su objetivo es promover las iniciativas del FMI en materia de transparencia y normas de datos, mejorar la disponibilidad pública de estadísticas internacionales oportunas y completas, y de esa manera contribuir a la aplicación de políticas macroeconómicas sólidas en los países y a un mejor funcionamiento de los mercados financieros mundiales.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

Les travaux du FMI sur les normes de diffusion des données se font à deux niveaux : le système général de diffusion des données (SGDD), pour tous les pays membres, et la norme spéciale de diffusion des données (NSDD), pour les pays membres qui ont accès, ou cherchent à avoir accès, aux marchés de capitaux internationaux. Le SGDD fournit aux pays des recommandations sur l'établissement des données macroéconomiques, financières et sociodémographiques qui sont essentielles pour l'élaboration de la politique économique et l'analyse dans un environnement où des statistiques pertinentes, détaillées et exactes sont de plus en plus nécessaires. Ce guide explique la nature, les objectifs et le fonctionnement du SGDD, les dimensions des données et les modalités de participation. Il offre aux offices nationaux de statistiques un outil de gestion et une structure qui favorisent la mise en place d'une solide méthodologie statistique, un établissement professionnel des données et la diffusion des données. Le guide remplace la version mise à jour en mars 2002 et intègre les objectifs du millénaire pour le développement (OMD), adoptés dans le cadre des Nations unies, comme éléments spécifiques du volet sociodémographique du SGDD, qui a été élaboré en collaboration avec la Banque mondiale.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

La norme spéciale de diffusion des données (NSDD) a été créée en 1996 par le FMI pour aider les pays membres – qui ont ou pourraient chercher à avoir accès aux marchés internationaux de capitaux – à communiquer des données économiques et financières importantes au public. L'année suivante, le FMI a créé la norme générale de diffusion des données (NGDD), qui vise à préparer les pays à satisfaire aux exigences de la NSDD. Les données fournies par les pays souscrivant à la NSDD, ainsi que les informations fournies par les pays participant la NGDD, sont publiées sur le tableau d’affichage des normes de diffusion (TAND) du FMI (site web : http://dsbb.imf.org). Ce guide a pour objectif d'aider les souscripteurs à la NSDD, les pays participant à la NGDD qui s'apprêtent à souscrire à la NSDD, et les utilisateurs du TAND à se familiariser avec les caractéristiques et le champ d'application de la NSDD et du TAND. Il vise à compléter les initiatives du FMI en matière de transparence et de normes relatives aux données, à améliorer la publication de statistiques internationales complètes et à jour, et de contribuer ainsi aux efforts entrepris par les pays pour adopter des politiques macroéconomique saines, ainsi qu'à l'amélioration du fonctionnement des marchés financiers mondiaux.