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  • Investments: Futures x
  • China, People's Republic of x
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Mr. Fei Han and Mr. Niklas J Westelius
The yen is an important barometer for the Japanese economy. Depreciations are typically associated with favorable economic developments such as increased corporate profits, rising equity prices, and upward pressure on domestic consumer prices. On the other hand, large and sharp appreciations run the risk of lowering actual and expected inflation, squeezing corporate profits, generating a negative wealth effect through depressed equity prices, and reducing confidence in the Bank of Japan’s efforts to reflate the domestic economy and achieve the inflation target. This paper takes a closer look at underlying drivers of rapid yen appreciations, highlighting the key role of carry-trade and the zero lower bound as important amplifiers.
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
This Technical Note analyzes financial stability issues related to financial market infrastructures (FMIs) in China. Since the previous Financial Sector Assessment Program, the supervision and oversight of FMIs has strengthened through the adoption of the CPSS–IOSCO (Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems/International Organization of Securities Commissions) Principles for FMIs (PFMI). The public adoption of the PFMI by the authorities in 2013 and the establishment of an interagency platform to assess FMIs are commendable. Full implementation of the principles by FMIs is the next step and is expected to enhance the resilience and stability of the FMIs.
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
This paper presents an assessment of the level of observance of the IOSCO Objectives and Principles of Securities Regulation in China. The regulatory framework and supervisory program for the securities markets is largely compliant with the IOSCO Principles. Since 2010, the authorities have implemented several initiatives aimed at protecting China’s very large retail investor population. On the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) side, this includes strengthening the suitability requirements for intermediaries, investors’ ability to exercise their rights, and its investor education program. The CSRC has also expanded authorized activities for some categories of securities intermediaries with the objective of developing an investment banking culture to help capital markets serve the real economy better.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses a detailed assessment report on the observance of China’s compliance with the International Organization of Securities Commission's objectives and principles of securities regulation. The reform of nontradable shares introduced a market-based pricing system for so-called nontradable shares in listed companies closely held by government and semigovernment authorities. The China Securities Regulatory Commission has the ability to share public and nonpublic information with both domestic and foreign counterparts without other external process, for the purpose of performing regulatory and supervisory functions.