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International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Request for Disbursement under the Rapid Credit Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Tajikistan

International Monetary Fund
Russia’s large oil and gas reserves play a key role in its economic development. As with many other large oil exporters, Russia’s energy wealth is also posing numerous challenges to macroeconomic management. Although fiscal policy has saved a large part of the oil windfall in the Oil Stabilization Fund (OSF), this has not been guided by a consistent long-term framework. The framework is illustrated with numerical simulations of different fiscal spending rules that are consistent with sustainable paths of consumption out of oil and gas wealth over time.
Mr. Tapio Saavalainen and Joy Mylène ten Berge
Quasi-fiscal deficits of public utility companies are common in all member countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). They constitute a significant impediment to efficient resource allocation and endanger macroeconomic stability. This paper presents a simple framework for measuring and monitoring such deficits and highlights their macroeconomic relevance. It reviews the progress under IMF conditionality aimed at correcting these imbalances during 1993-2003. The paper suggests that the extensive conditionality under the IMF-supported programs has yielded only limited progress in reducing the energy sector's financial imbalances. In conclusion, different policy options are discussed in light of the lessons learned.
Ms. Patrizia Tumbarello

Regional trade integration is neither a substitute for, nor necessarily a hindrance to, multilateral trade liberalization. With regional agreements continuing to be a prominent part of many countries’ trade policy agendas, it is likely that regional integration and multilateral trade reform will continue to coexist. A new IMF paper explores the appropriate sequencing of joining a regional customs union and the World Trade Organization (WTO). It looks specifically at whether joining the Eurasian Economic Community (EAEC) customs union—a regional arrangement that includes five members of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)—facilitates or delays WTO accession for some of these countries. It finds good reasons for smaller economies with relatively liberal trade regimes to join the WTO first.

International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen to podcasts given by top IMF economists on important issues in the global economy. www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/survey/so/home.aspx
International Monetary Fund
This Selected Issues paper analyzes the sources of recent growth in Tajikistan. It concludes that economic growth has been mainly driven by the services sector and a surge in remittances that have been mainly used for private consumption and small-scale private investment. The paper summarizes the recently introduced revisions to the Tax Code, which are an evolutionary step in simplifying the tax system and setting the base for better revenue administration. It also examines the likely impact on households of increasing electricity prices to cost-recovery levels.
International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the sources of recent growth in Tajikistan. It concludes that economic growth has been mainly driven by the services sector and a surge in remittances that have been mainly used for private consumption and small-scale private investment. The paper summarizes the recently introduced revisions to the Tax Code, which are an evolutionary step in simplifying the tax system and setting the base for better revenue administration. It also examines the likely impact on households of increasing electricity prices to cost-recovery levels.

International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the sources of recent growth in Tajikistan. It concludes that economic growth has been mainly driven by the services sector and a surge in remittances that have been mainly used for private consumption and small-scale private investment. The paper summarizes the recently introduced revisions to the Tax Code, which are an evolutionary step in simplifying the tax system and setting the base for better revenue administration. It also examines the likely impact on households of increasing electricity prices to cost-recovery levels.

International Monetary Fund
Discussions on the Second Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Ffacility (PRGF) arrangement took place in Dushanbe. The IMF-supported program concentrates on enhancing macroeconomic stability and implementing structural reform in the key areas of banking, energy, and agriculture. The discussions also focused on improving the implementation of monetary policy, accelerating structural reform, and strengthening governance. The authorities plan to work with independent third parties to enhance the transparency of the farm-restructuring process. The continued strong growth of GDP is welcomed.
International Monetary Fund

Discussions on the Second Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Ffacility (PRGF) arrangement took place in Dushanbe. The IMF-supported program concentrates on enhancing macroeconomic stability and implementing structural reform in the key areas of banking, energy, and agriculture. The discussions also focused on improving the implementation of monetary policy, accelerating structural reform, and strengthening governance. The authorities plan to work with independent third parties to enhance the transparency of the farm-restructuring process. The continued strong growth of GDP is welcomed.