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International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
This Selected Issues paper discusses the optimal management of Citizenship-by-Investment (CBI) program revenues in Dominica. Dominica’s CBI inflows have reached near 10 percent of GDP, increasing the country’s reliance on these revenues. It is argued that given their volatile and unpredictable nature, CBI revenues should be used prudently. Their use should be mindful of the chances of a sudden stop in these flows. It is therefore essential to prioritize investment, debt reduction, and saving in lieu of current expenditure, which is typically more difficult to reverse. Simulation analysis based on fiscal multipliers indicate that such combination of policies would boost GDP and help reach the regional debt target of 60 percent of GDP by 2030 as committed by the government.
International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
This Selected Issues paper analyzes productivity in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union by exploring two complementary exercises. It computes total factor productivity by extending standard growth accounting frameworks with (1) the impact of natural disasters on the stock and productivity of physical capital; (2) human capital accumulation; and (3) the impact of out-migration on labor and human capital. The paper also analyzes labor productivity, including across economic sectors. The results indicate that the historical deceleration in growth was driven mostly by the declining contribution of total factor productivity, which resulted in stagnation in the aftermath of the global financial crisis. Labor productivity measures show that labor is largely allocated in the sectors with relatively lower productivity.
International Monetary Fund

The Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) countries’ economies are heavily dependent on the United States for foreign direct investment, mainly in the tourism sector. The Selected Issues paper discusses economic development and policies of the ECCU. About one-third of the stayover tourists to the ECCU countries are from the United States., the top tourist-source country. The flow of remittances is also an important channel of influence, reflecting the significant proportion of Caribbean migrants living in the United States.