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International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
The purpose of the missions of Phase I was to develop a functional central bank, including establishing a modern banking supervisory regime. Especially, MCM provided TA missions under the Phase I that have focused on operationalizing banking license capacity, development of on and offsite supervisory capability, and other relevant areas.
International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.
On October 30, 2020, the IMF’s Executive Board reviewed the adequacy of the Fund’s precautionary balances. Precautionary balances, comprising the Fund’s general and special reserves and the Special Contingent Account (SCA-1), are one element of the IMF’s multi-layered framework for managing financial risks. These balances provide a buffer to protect the Fund against potential losses, resulting from credit, income, and other financial risks. This review of the adequacy of the Fund’s precautionary balances took place on the standard two-year cycle, although it was delayed by a few months to allow for an assessment of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Fund financial risks. In conducting the review, the Executive Board applied the rules-based framework agreed in 2010.
International Monetary Fund
This paper reports on the Fund’s income position for FY 2020 following the closing of the Fund’s accounts for the financial year and completion of the external audit. Net operational income was about SDR 1.4 billion, slightly higher than estimated in the April supplement, mainly reflecting higher investment income. However, the unrealized pension-related adjustment in FY 2020, stemming mainly from the actuarial remeasurement of staff retirement plan assets and liabilities, was larger than previously estimated and more than offset the Fund’s net operational income, contributing to an overall net loss of about SDR 1.4 billion for the year.
International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department


The audited consolidated financial statements of the International Monetary Fund as of April 30, 2020 and 2019

International Monetary Fund and World Bank
This report reviews developments in the implementation of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative and Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI). It also provides updates on debt service and poverty-reducing expenditure by beneficiary countries, as well as on the cost of debt relief, creditor participation rates, and litigation against HIPCs.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This paper discusses Somalia’s 2019 Article IV Consultation, Second Review Under the Staff-Monitored Program (SMP), and Request for New SMP. Program implementation of SMP III has been strong, with all but one structural benchmark and all indicative targets met. The authorities have requested a new 15-month SMP to cement reforms and support reaching the Heavily Indebted Poor Country decision point as soon as the necessary conditions are met. The new national development plan will outline the authorities’ priorities with respect to poverty reduction and inclusive growth. The consultation focused on policies to support higher and more inclusive growth, strengthen the medium-term fiscal framework, deepen the financial sector, increase economic resilience, and improve governance and the business environment. Discussions highlighted the need to implement a durable fiscal federal framework, establish a robust framework for effective natural resource management, and develop the medium-term fiscal framework. However, security and political risks, and climate shocks remain the main sources of risk.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This first review under the Staff-Monitored Program (SMP) of Somalia highlights that supported by a favorable rainy season, economic growth is recovering and inflation easing. However, unemployment is very high, and development and social needs are very large. Policy discussions centered on the 2018 supplementary budget, the 2019 budget, as well as the macroeconomic framework. Discussions also laid the groundwork for the second and final review under SMP III and on near-term policy priorities. All end-June and end-September 2018 indicative targets and all structural benchmarks (SBs) have been met. Of the 10 remaining SBs, due end-December 2018 and end-March 2019, preliminary information suggests that two have already been met, progress has been made towards achieving seven others, but completion of one SB is likely to be delayed. Considering satisfactory performance under the SMP and the authorities’ continued strong commitment to reform implementation, the IMF staff supports the completion of the first review under SMP III. Risks to the program and the outlook remain elevated; however, a continued commitment to reform and donors’ sustained support will help mitigate the risks.
International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office


This evaluation assesses the IMF’s work on countries in fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCS), addressing both (i) its engagement through surveillance, lending, and capacity development and (ii) the frameworks and procedures for its engagement. It finds that the IMF has provided unique and essential services to FCS to restore macroeconomic stability and rebuild core macroeconomic institutions as prerequisites for state building, playing a role in which no other institution can take its place. In this critical role, it is broadly acknowledged to have had a high impact. While the IMF has provided relatively little direct financing, it has catalyzed donor support through its assessment of a country’s economic policies and prospects. Notwithstanding this positive assessment, the IMF’s overall approach to its FCS work seems to have been conflicted. Not only has it failed consistently to make hard choices necessary to achieve full impact from its engagement in countries where success requires patient and dedicated attention over the long haul, but past efforts have not been sufficiently bold or adequately sustained, and the staff has tended to revert to treating fragile states using IMF-wide norms, rather than as countries needing special attention. The report proposes six recommendations to improve the effectiveness of the IMF’s FCS work: (i) to issue a statement of high-level commitment to FCS work for IMFC endorsement; (ii) to create an effective institutional mechanism with the mandate and authority to coordinate and champion such work; (iii) to develop comprehensive strategies for individual FCS; (iv) to adapt its lending toolkit to deliver more sustained financial support to FCS; (v) to take practical steps to increase the impact of its capacity development support to FCS; and (vi) to take steps to incentivize high-quality and experienced staff to work on individual FCS and find pragmatic ways of increasing field presence in high risk locations.

International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights that despite a severe drought and sporadic terrorist attacks, Somalia avoided a significant economic slowdown in 2017 with support from the national and international community. Economic activity in 2017 is expected to have slowed. The drought that hit the country since late 2016 has receded, but it took a considerable toll, particularly in the remote areas. GDP growth is projected to have remained subdued at 1.8 percent in 2017. Driven by higher food prices, year-over-year inflation increased to 5.2 percent at the end of December 2017. A small budget surplus was achieved by the end of September 2017, even though domestic revenue fell short of the program target.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This paper discusses key issues related to the economy of Somalia. Since 2012, Somalia has been recovering slowly from nearly 25 years of civil war. Weak institutional capacity, complex clan politics, and a challenging security situation have complicated economic reconstruction. As a result, social and economic conditions remain dire. To help Somalia’s economic reconstruction efforts and establish a policy implementation track record as an important step toward an eventual fund arrangement, the authorities have requested an IMF staff-monitored program. It focuses on strengthening macroeconomic policy management and reforms to strengthen economic governance and institutional capacity and keep up the pace of restoring key economic and financial institutions.