This report provides the IMF's projections and estimates on Tonga's real and nominal gross domestic product by sector of origin; production of manufactured goods; tourism statistics; central government fiscal operations and revenue; central government current expenditure by economic and functional classifications; monetary survey; Tonga trust fund; banking survey; accounts of the national reserve bank of Tonga; accounts of the Tonga development bank; balance of payments summary; public debt outstanding; interest rate structure during 1996/97–2000/01; public enterprise sector; and so on.
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
This paper describes economic developments in Tonga during the 1990s. From 1993 to 1996, financial policies were quite expansionary. Following the licensing of two new banks, credit growth accelerated in 1994. The National Reserve Bank of Tonga initially adopted an accommodating stance, but in December 1995, tightened monetary policy significantly. Hampered by its poor profitability in the use of indirect monetary instruments, it relied on an increase in reserve requirements. Meanwhile, fiscal policy had added further to demand pressures with the recurrent budget surplus declining, owing to a cost-of-living adjustment to government wages.