International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
This report describes Solomon Islands’ macroeconomic, structural, and social policies in support of growth and poverty reduction, as well as associated external financing needs and major source of financing. Solomon Islands’ government Medium Term Development Plan (MTDP) 2016–20 sets out development programs and projects supporting the draft National Development Strategy (NDS) 2016–35 objectives. The MTDP is rolling out five-year plan, revised annually, comprising development programs and projects. The MTDP effectively addresses key issues of the economy which are as follows: existing poverty situation and trends, factors influencing poverty, strategies and policies for poverty reduction, fiscal and debt framework, and safety nets and risk mitigation.
This volume discusses the Poverty Reduction Strategy (GPRS I) and the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy (GPRS II) that addressed the critical poverty issues in Ghana. GPRS I is a comprehensive policy document prepared as a precondition for Ghana under the Highly Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) Initiative. The main component—human development—targets improvement for Ghana’s population to access basic needs and essential services. A general assessment shows that Ghana has a positive and significantly stabilized macroeconomic environment.
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
Kuwait faced the global financial crisis from a position of strength, owing to expansionary fiscal stance. The economy is expected to grow steadily over the medium term as Kuwait continues to implement the development plan and global recovery supports demand for oil. The near-term macroeconomic policy mix is adequate. The development plan (DP) implementation should be managed carefully. The financial situation of many investment companies remains precarious. Significant progress was made in the implementation of the update recommendations, but further steps are warranted.
Depuis plusieurs années, le FMI publie un nombre croissant de rapports et autres documents couvrant l'évolution et les tendances économiques et financières dans les pays membres. Chaque rapport, rédigé par une équipe des services du FMI à la suite d'entretiens avec des représentants des autorités, est publié avec l'accord du pays concerné.
Oil production over the last 40 years has transformed Gabon into a middle-income country; but income inequality is high, and non-commodity sectors are stagnant. Gabon is recovering from the global financial crisis. The recovery to be sustained, with downside risks from commodity prices and possible slippages in policy implementation. The fiscal stance has important implications for domestic stability. Medium-term fiscal consolidation is vital to ensuring fiscal sustainability and external competitiveness as oil production dwindles over time. The authorities have embarked on major reforms of public financial management (PFM).
The Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS) is Afghanistan’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). Implementation of the ANDS is highly dependent on donor assistance. The main general objectives of the ANDS are to improve the quality of life of Afghan people and to reduce poverty. ANDS will play a key role in improving aid coordination and aid effectiveness. The first draft of the ANDS chapter on implementation, monitoring and evaluation and the policy paper on how to improve aid coordination and aid effectiveness has been prepared.