This Joint Staff Advisory Note reviews the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report for Mongolia. Recent economic developments have been broadly favorable. Real GDP growth exceeded 10.5 percent in 2004 and is expected to remain robust, at about 5.5 percent in 2005, with a recovery in livestock production and strong activity in the mining sector serving as the main drivers of growth. Fiscal performance has strengthened markedly, with the overall deficit narrowing to about 2 percent of GDP in 2004—the lowest level since the start of the transition in the early 1990s.
Mongolia has performed commendably under the Poverty Reduction Growth Facility arrangements. Executive Directors commended the prudent macroeconomic policies, low inflation, and reduction in vulnerability. They stressed the need to strengthen the fiscal position, improve economic governance, pursue prudent monetary and external debt management policies, and maintain an open trade and investment regime. They agreed that Mongolia's Economic Growth Support and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EGSPRS) provides a sound basis for IMF’s concessional financial assistance, and approved further finance assistance.
This Joint Staff Assessment assesses the Economic Growth Support and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EGSPRS), which is the first full poverty reduction strategy paper (PRSP) prepared by the government of Mongolia. The EGSPRS builds on the strategy articulated in the interim report (I-PRSP) presented to the Boards of the International Development Association (IDA) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). It provides an adequate framework for implementing the government's development agenda and highlights several weaknesses and challenges associated with its successful implementation.
This paper aims to inform on the status of Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) in IMF-supported programs, detailing the results presented in the recent review of PRGF-supported programs. The review showed that more needs to be done, both in undertaking PSIA when necessary, and in reporting the policy tradeoffs in program documents. Policy design should be continuously informed by the results of PSIA.
The second edition of this book outline show to include the poor using the Participatory Poverty Assessment (PPA) method. This method was developed by the World Bank in partnerships with NGOs, governments, and academic institutions, and has been implemented in over 60 countries worldwide duringthe last decade. This book also draws on new PPA case examples. Joint publication with the World Bank.
Mongolia has made great strides in fostering a market economy and promoting macroeconomic stability under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) Arrangement. Executive Directors welcomed this step, and stressed the need to improve economic governance, fiscal and monetary policies, and accelerate structural reforms. They appreciated the fiscal transparency and accountability, realistic budgeting, better treasury management, and the privatization and energy sector reform. They agreed that the government's reform program merits the support of the international community, and approved the request for a three-year arrangement under the PRGF.
International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department
The speeches made by officials attending the IMF–World Bank Annual Meetings are published in this volume, along with the press communiqués issued by the International Monetary and Financial Committee and the Development Committee at the conclusion of the meetings.