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International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa is struggling to navigate an unprecedented health and economic crisis—one that, in just a few months, has jeopardized decades of hard-won development gains and upended the lives and livelihoods of millions.

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa is struggling to navigate an unprecedented health and economic crisis—one that, in just a few months, has jeopardized decades of hard-won development gains and upended the lives and livelihoods of millions.

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa is struggling to navigate an unprecedented health and economic crisis—one that, in just a few months, has jeopardized decades of hard-won development gains and upended the lives and livelihoods of millions.

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa is struggling to navigate an unprecedented health and economic crisis—one that, in just a few months, has jeopardized decades of hard-won development gains and upended the lives and livelihoods of millions.

International Monetary Fund
This paper proposes that the Executive Board approve the disbursement of a second 6-month tranche of CCRT debt service relief to 28 of the 29 members, covering the period October 14, 2020 through April 13, 2021, given staff’s assessment that sufficient financial resources are available.2 In this context, the paper also provides brief updates for each beneficiary country on its policy responses to the pandemic and staff’s assessment of these policies and the use of resources freed up by debt service relief. It also provides an update on the finances of the CCRT and the fundraising efforts to secure adequate resources for grant assistance in the future. Based on grant pledges to date, resources are not sufficient to extend CCRT relief beyond the proposed second sixth-month period.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
This paper presents Union of the Comoros’ Request for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility and Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument. The Comoros’ authorities should use fiscal policy to cushion the adverse effects of the coronavirus disease 2019 shock and bring the fiscal position back in line with medium-term paths once the crisis has passed. In addition to expanding very substantially healthcare spending to meet the population’s pandemic-related needs, the authorities should consider giving targeted and temporary support to the most vulnerable. Monetary policy should focus on maintaining the exchange rate peg. At the same time, the authorities should use all tools at their disposal to safeguard the stability of the banking system, including by providing liquidity to banks facing liquidity pressures and addressing loan servicing difficulties. Beyond implementing their pandemic preparedness plan and strengthening the health care system’s ability to respond to pandemic needs, the authorities are considering delaying deadlines for tax filings and temporarily lowering customs duties for certain imports. They will monitor inflation developments and maintain the exchange rate peg to the euro. The authorities will also do all they can to ease liquidity strains in the banking system. They are also are working with banks to enable targeted loan maturity extensions.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
This review is on Comoros’ first full Poverty Reduction Strategy (CPRS). The macroeconomic developments outlined in the progress report are broadly in line with the assessment. Key policy challenges remain for the future. Progress in strengthening budget management has mixed during the report period. Despite reform momentum, which has picked up recently, the progress report correctly characterizes developments in the energy sector as falling short of expectations during 2011. Deficient transport and telecommunication infrastructures are important constraints to the development of the Comorian economy.
International Monetary Fund
The assessment shows that despite challenging circumstances, Comoros has made progress on political and economic reforms under IMF-supported programs. Comorian authorities implemented a program for maintaining macroeconomic stability, reducing poverty, improving public financial management, public expenditure policy, and external debt management. The IMF and IDA authorities assessed that, on this decision point, the full delivery of Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) and Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI) debt relief and sound debt management debt relief will enable the government to better implement the economic reforms that are needed to support sustainable growth in Comoros.
International Monetary Fund
Five priority programs were identified to help stabilize the economy and lay the groundwork for equitable growth. The government's priority with this core strategy is to enhance macroeconomic management, government operations, and effective fiscal management to promote domestic and international trade, make the Comorian economy more competitive, guarantee a low-cost energy supply, improve basic economic infrastructures and communication services, and finally to make investments to improve access to drinking water and a more healthy environment. The PEFA report prepared in 2008 entailed a comprehensive fiscal analysis.
International Monetary Fund
Despite offering a more realistic macroeconomic outlook than the I-Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), the baseline scenario under the full Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy Paper (PRGSP) is overly optimistic. The authorities estimate the cost of the five-year strategy at US$1.4 billion, nearly all to be funded with assistance from donors. The PRGSP rightly notes the adverse impact of real exchange rate appreciation on external viability. The PRGSP identifies three main sectors—agriculture, fisheries, and tourism—that have the potential to generate sustained economic growth. Comoros’s development goals and reform agenda under the full PRGSP are ambitious.