In late 2015, the Chinese authorities launched a policy to reduce capacity in the coal and
steel industries under the wider effort of Supply-Side Structural Reforms. Around the
same time, producer price inflation in China started to pick up strongly after being trapped
in negative territory for more than fifty consecutive months. So what is behind this strong
reflation—capacity cuts in coal and steel, or a strengthening of aggregate demand? Our
empirical analyses indicate that a pickup in aggregate demand, possibly due to the
government’s stimulus package in 2015-16, was the more important driver. Capacity cuts
played a role in propping up coal and steel prices, explaining at most 40 percent of their
This paper analyzes Solomon Islands’ ongoing reforms concerning of the mineral taxation regime and the fiscal impact of mineral resources. The analysis shows that mineral revenue could be substantial, provided that mineral prices remain strong in the medium term. Enforcing the tax agreement with, a Gold Ridge company, and implementing the new resource taxation regime are critical to ensure that the forthcoming mineral wealth spills over to the rest of the economy. Solomon Islands should adopt new fiscal rules and fiscal responsibility provisions to manage large but volatile resource revenue.
This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix for the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) review the macroeconomic impact of the resource sector. Lao PDR’s economic performance is becoming increasingly dependent on the activities of the large mining and hydropower projects. The economic value of the resource projects is significant, even if only proven mineral reserves and hydropower plants are considered. The overall macroeconomic impact of the resource sector over the medium term will depend on the quality and timeliness of the policies adopted to sustain the growth of the non-resource sector.