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Uroš Herman and Tobias Krahnke
In this paper, we investigate whether a firm’s composition of foreign liabilities matters for their resilience during economic turmoil and examine which characteristics determine a firm’s foreign capital structure. Using firm-level data, we corroborate previous findings from the (international) macroeconomic literature that the composition of foreign liabilities matters for a country’s susceptibility to external shocks. We find that firms with a positive equity share in their foreign liabilities were less affected by the global financial crisis and also less likely to default in the aftermath of the crisis. In addition, we show that larger, more open, and more productive firms tend to have a higher equity share in total foreign liabilities.
Xin Li
Using firm-level data on ASEAN5, this paper studies the differential effects of macro-financial and structural factors on corporate saving behavior through the lens of external financing dependence. The finding suggests that non-financial corporations in ASEAN5 have been subject to binding financial constraints over the past two decades. Greater capital account openness or exchange rate depreciation reduces the average saving rate of industries with low dependence on external funds, while it increases the saving rate of industries with high dependence on external funds. The effects are greater for export-oriented industries. An improvement in banking sector competition, banks’ lending efficiency, or policy clarity is associated with lower saving rate of firms across the board.
International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.
At the request of the National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INDEC), a technical-assistance mission on external-sector statistics (ESS) visited Buenos Aires on November 14–25, 2016. Currently, INDEC’s National Directorate for International Accounts (DNCI) compiles and disseminates ESS following the guidelines of the fifth edition of the Balance of Payments Manual. The mission reviewed the ESS methodology, data sources, and dissemination policy in order to help enhance its quality and to assist compilers in migrating the methodology to the sixth edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6). The main data sources used to compile the current account and the capital account (excluding investment income, which is compiled along with the financial account and the IIP) are customs records, corporate surveys, the international-tourism survey, accounting information available to the public, administrative records, and information concerning the exchange balance disseminated by the Central Bank of Argentina (BCRA). The mission found data sources and compilation procedures to be sound. Although the mission identified improvements that could add to the quality of certain estimates, the balances of the current and capital accounts are expected to remain substantially unchanged.
Mr. Jorge A Chan-Lau, Weimin Miao, Mr. Ken Miyajima, and Mr. Jongsoon Shin
Under adverse macroeconomic conditions, the potential realization of corporate sector vulnerabilities could pose major risks to the economy. This paper assesses corporate vulnerabilities in Indonesia by using a Bottom-Up Default Analysis (BuDA) approach, which allows projecting corporate probabilities of default (PDs) under different macroeconomic scenarios. In particular, a protracted recession and the ensuing currency depreciation could erode buffers on corporate balance sheets, pushing up the probabilities of default (PDs) in the corporate sector to the high levels observed during the Global Financial Crisis. While this is a low-probability scenario, the results suggest the need to closely monitor vulnerabilities and strengthen contingency plans.
Miss Rita Mesias

Abstract

Le Guide de l'enquête coordonnée sur l'investissement direct (ECID) a été préparé pour aider les économies qui participent à cette enquête. L'enquête est menée sous les auspices du département des statistiques du FMI dans un large éventail de pays. Elle est organisée simultanément par tous les pays participants, recourt à des définitions cohérentes, et encourage les bonnes pratiques en matière de collecte, d'établissement et de diffusion de données sur les positions d'investissement direct. Elle constitue donc un outil important pour prendre la mesure des totaux mondiaux et de la répartition géographique des positions d'investissements directs et contribue ainsi à l'établissement de nouvelles conclusions importantes sur l'étendue de la mondialisation, ainsi qu'à l'amélioration de la qualité globale des données sur l'investissement direct dans le monde. Au moment de la rédaction de ce guide actualisé, plus de 100 pays participaient à l'enquête coordonnée.

Miss Rita Mesias

Abstract

Esta Guía ha sido elaborada para ayudar a las economías a participar en la Encuesta Coordinada sobre la Inversión Directa (ECID). La ECID, que se está llevando a cabo simultáneamente en todas las economías participantes, se basa en definiciones uniformes, e incentiva la adopción de prácticas óptimas para la recopilación, compilación y divulgación de datos sobre las posiciones de inversión directa. Por lo tanto, la ECID es una herramienta importante para cuantificar el total mundial de las posiciones de inversión directa y para representar su distribución geográfica, contribuyendo así a la formación de nuevas e importantes apreciaciones sobre el alcance de la globalización y al mejoramiento de la calidad general de los datos mundiales sobre inversión directa. Al momento de actualización de la Guía, más de 100 economías participaban en la ECID.