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Ruud A. de Mooij, Mr. Alexander D Klemm, and Ms. Victoria J Perry

Abstract

The book describes the difficulties of the current international corporate income tax system. It starts by describing its origins and how changes, such as the development of multinational enterprises and digitalization have created fundamental problems, not foreseen at its inception. These include tax competition—as governments try to attract tax bases through low tax rates or incentives, and profit shifting, as companies avoid tax by reporting profits in jurisdictions with lower tax rates. The book then discusses solutions, including both evolutionary changes to the current system and fundamental reform options. It covers both reform efforts already under way, for example under the Inclusive Framework at the OECD, and potential radical reform ideas developed by academics.

International Monetary Fund
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
International Monetary Fund
This 2009 Article IV Consultation highlights that following a period of rapid growth, economic activity in the Slovak Republic tumbled in the first half of 2009 as a result of the global crisis. Slovakia’s banks have so far withstood the global crisis relatively well. Executive Directors have encouraged the authorities to formulate and announce a credible medium-term fiscal consolidation strategy, aimed at bringing down the general government deficit to within the Maastricht norm in a timely manner. Directors have also emphasized that external competitiveness will require sustained structural reforms and wage discipline.
International Monetary Fund
This Tax Summary and Statistical Appendix for the Solomon Islands outlines the summary of various taxes. Residents are taxed on their worldwide income. Nonresidents are taxed on income sourced from the Solomon Islands. Both resident and nonresident investors undertaking commercial, economic, industrial or professional activity in the Solomon Islands may apply to the Commissioner of Inland Revenue for an exemption from income tax. An excise duty is levied on plugs, twist, fig, stick, cake, and coarse cut tobacco, and on beer and cigarettes produced in the Solomon Islands.
International Monetary Fund
This 2008 Article IV Consultation highlights that Ghana’s growth has remained strong, fuelled by both the private and public sectors. The Ghanaian economy maintained strong growth of about 6½ percent in 2007 and the first months of 2008. The private sector has responded positively to macroeconomic stability, structural reforms, and an increasingly business-friendly environment. But fiscal spending also increased, leading to excess demand. Supply-side shocks, especially from international fuel prices, have impacted Ghana negatively, although overall, Ghana’s terms of trade continued to improve.
International Monetary Fund
Tanzania’s performance ranks among the best for non-oil exporting countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The 2008/09 budget will aim at maintaining hard-won fiscal stability in the face of large spending needs and uncertain financing. Tighter budget constraints highlight the need to further expand the revenue base and achieve greater efficiency and effectiveness of government spending. Building on its recent success of reining in reserve money growth, the Bank of Tanzania (BoT) will aim to gradually bring down inflation to its medium-term objective of 5 percent.
International Monetary Fund
This paper presents the Tax Summary for the Solomon Islands. The paper discusses that normal business expenses are deductible against chargeable income. A $7,800 personal exemption applies to both resident and nonresident individuals. This general exemption is subject to apportionment on a pro-rata basis should the individual commence work part way through the year. In addition, the first $5,000 of interest income on deposits made with any savings bank or on fixed deposit accounts with any bank in the Solomon Islands are excluded from chargeable income.
International Monetary Fund
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.