Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 12 items for :

  • Type: Journal Issue x
  • Taiwan, Province of China x
  • Western Hemisphere x
  • Banks and banking x
Clear All Modify Search
International Monetary Fund
This Selected Issues paper analyzes quality upgrading and low-wage competition for Singapore. The analysis concludes that quality upgrading is indeed taking place in some products where low-wage competitors are entering. More generally, Singapore’s exports are of a higher quality than its regional competitors, and the quality gap has widened over time. This paper also assesses the factors behind the mixed results of Singapore banks’ outward expansion by examining the region’s industry structure and competitive conditions.
International Monetary Fund
The report provides an overview of the recent economic developments in Paraguay. The study analyzes the potential output, growth, prices, wages, and the labor market; and assesses the public finances, social security, and public enterprises. The paper reviews the monetary sector, evaluates the soundness of the banking sector and its developments, the external sector by assessing the balance-of-payments developments and the exchange and trade system. The study also provides a statistical appendix report of the country.
International Monetary Fund
The People's Republic of China showed an impressive rapid economic recovery following the Asian crisis. Executive Directors commended the prudent banking practice, and stressed the need to maintain fiscal and monetary stances. They appreciated the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region's (SAR) rules-based approach to economic policy and the country's participation in the Financial Sector Assessment Program. They welcomed Hong Kong SAR's compliance with the Special Data Dissemination Standard, and urged the authorities to present monetary survey and fiscal accounts on a standardized international format.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses major economic developments in Cambodia in 1997. It discusses developments in the real sector and factors accounting for output growth, estimated at 2 percent in 1997, down from 6½ percent in 1996. The paper analyzes developments affecting inflation during the year, examines public finance, and highlights the persistent problems with revenue collection that, together with overspending on the military budget, led to a squeeze in civilian nonwage expenditure. The paper also analyzes monetary and financial sector developments.
International Monetary Fund
This paper describes economic developments in Guinea–Bissau during the 1990s. Following mixed economic performance in 1991–92, a period of financial stabilization in 1993–94 led to an economic program that was supported by a three-year annual arrangement under the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility approved in January 1995. After some difficulties in early 1995, the program objectives for budgetary revenue, the external account, and real growth rate were surpassed. Economic developments were generally favorable in 1996 and 1997 although inflation continued to be a source of concern until mid-1997.
International Monetary Fund
This paper reviews economic developments in Indonesia during 1996–97. The Indonesian economy continued to perform well in 1996, with real GDP growth of 7.8 percent. The rate of inflation fell to 5 percent in 1996/97, assisted by improved food supplies and generally subdued import prices. A budgetary surplus of 1 percent of GDP was estimated for 1996/97, reflecting higher-than-projected oil revenue and firm expenditure control. However, broad money and private sector credit growth were 27 percent and 24 percent, respectively, in the face of strong private capital inflows.
International Monetary Fund
This paper describes economic developments in the People’s Republic of China during 1996–97. In 1996, the authorities succeeded in stabilizing growth at a high level while alleviating the inflation pressures that had characterized the 1993–94 boom. From an average rate of more than 13 percent in 1992–94, real GDP growth eased to 10.5 percent in 1995 and further to 9.7 percent in 1996, reflecting moderation in the aggregate demand components, notably fixed investment. The sectoral real GDP growth pattern in 1996 was broadly unchanged from the first half of the decade.
International Monetary Fund
Contents include--The real economy: background and recent developments; public finance; fiscal developments during 1994-95 and budgetary policy in 1996; Money and banking; structure of the banking system;monetary policy instruments; monetary developments; and issues in banking supervision; the external sector; recent developments; external financial assistance; external debt; trade regimel; customs operations; and exchange system;the changing role of the state; enterprise reform; privatization; and foreign direct investment; forestry sector and forestry policy;trends and developments; recent concession policy; and a sustainable new forestry policy; statistical tables.
International Monetary Fund
This paper reviews economic developments in Vietnam during 1992–96. Economic growth was recorded at 8–9 percent during 1992–94, rising to a 9½ percent annual rate in 1995 and the first half of 1996. Investment has been rising steadily over the past few years, owing in part to foreign investment, which increased to 9 percent of GDP in 1995 and continued to rise strongly in 1996. Vietnam’s foreign trade has also expanded and diversified rapidly, with both imports and exports growing at double-digit annual rates.
International Monetary Fund
This paper reviews economic developments in Indonesia during 1994–96. Following the easing of domestic demand pressures, the focus of monetary policy shifted in early 1993/94 to supporting economic growth, as concerns developed over an incipient weakening of export performance and output. At the same time, the fiscal position was strengthened. Reflecting the strong growth in non-oil/gas revenue, the overall central government deficit, excluding oil/gas revenue, declined by 2 percentage points of GDP. With the shift in monetary policy, interest rates declined rapidly, and there was a strong pickup in credit to the private sector.