Attention was especially focused on infrastructural development and the implementation of the free health care program. Another key poverty reducing strategy is the Smallholder Commercialisation Scheme. A robust monitoring and evaluation system has been established. Inadequate domestic capacity negative attitudes and fraudulent behavior toward execution of public contracts, delayed donor disbursement of funds for public works, and limited intra- and intersectoral coordination has been limiting factors. Developing a comprehensive policy framework to regulate behavior of contractors and ensuring timely release of donor funds for projects is needed.
The Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy was implemented in an extremely challenging environment, adversely affecting the conduct of macroeconomic and sector policies. The accomplishments in regard to sector policies are highly encouraging. There was notable progress in the administration of justice and police reform efforts. However, there were no significant developments in public administration reform. Congo recognizes that continued, sustainable growth in a stable macroeconomic climate is essential to reducing poverty, and this requires consolidating peace and security, and promoting administrative and economic governance.
This Annual Progress Report reviews the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and Economic and Social Plan for 2007 for Mozambique. The report presents the new simplified structure adopted in the Review of the First Half of 2007. In the international context, the evolution of the international economy is presented, which allows a visualization of the international economic conditions in which the country has implemented its economic and social policy. The activities of the environment and the science and technology sectors are also described.
This paper discusses implementation of the Fifth National Development Plan (FNDP) in Zambia. The planning process of the FNDP integrated views from the Provincial and District Development Plans approved by the respective provincial and district level organs. The FNDP’s goals are multipronged. The government recognizes that wealth creation through sustained economic growth constitutes the most important element in poverty reduction and, consequently, a high premium is being placed on growth-stimulating interventions. The government also recognizes that redistributive policies do matter for reducing poverty and that growth and equity are not necessarily in conflict.
This paper focuses on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) and the Malawi Growth and Development Strategy (MGDS). The MGDS is the overarching strategy for Malawi from fiscal year 2006/07 to 2010/2011. The purpose of the MGDS is to serve as a single reference document for policymakers in government; the private sector; civil society organizations; donors and cooperating partners and the general public on socioeconomic growth and development priorities for Malawi. The overriding philosophy of the MGDS is poverty reduction through sustainable economic growth and infrastructure development.
The Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) on the Republic of Mozambique review the country’s macroeconomic, structural, and social policies in support of growth and poverty reduction, and external financing needs and major sources of financing. It is essential to guarantee that mechanisms of democratization are present within the political parties and to develop participative democracy. Monitoring and evaluation is also a means of keeping abreast of not only the government, but also organizations in civil society, the Mozambican legislature, and the cooperation partners.
The economic performance has been positive as tight macroeconomic policies prevailed, helped by a remarkable revenue mobilization effort. None of the key indicator targets were met. Fiscal performance improved, but there was an increase in the overall fiscal deficit. Monetary policy was also less expansionary. Efforts were sustained to strengthen the justice delivery system. The long-term goal is to eradicate poverty by significantly increasing the national income, through stable economic growth, and reducing income and non-income inequalities through specific poverty-reduction priority interventions.
The Kingdom of Lesotho’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper reports that consistent implementation of sound macroeconomic policies is critical to the attainment of poverty reduction objectives. At the central level, the authorities established sector working groups to facilitate the formulation of informed policies that respond to the identified priorities. To deal with cross-cutting issues, thematic groups have been established. The private sector, despite weak organizational capacity at the beginning, made a significant contribution to the preparation of the Poverty Reduction Strategy.
This Annual Progress Report reviews Mozambique’s Economic and Social Plan for 2004. The report states that in 2004, public sector reforms were continued and consolidated. There was notable growth in social and economic infrastructure. The government was able to honor its budget execution commitments, channelling more resources into sectors prioritized in the Program for the Reduction of Absolute Poverty (PARPA) and keeping budget execution rates within the limits set in the budgetary legislation.
This paper discusses Mozambique’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper—Economic and Social Plan for 2005. In the international context, the paper presents the evolution of the international economy so as to understand under what economic conditions the country will have to implement its economic and social policy. It discusses the major macroeconomic objectives, and the evolution of the main economic indicators for Mozambique. The paper also presents the main policy measures to be implemented by the government, targets, and activities.