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International Monetary Fund
This paper presents an update to the Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) on Fiscal Transparency for Greece. Two important steps toward improving fiscal transparency since the last ROSC update were Greece’s subscription to the Special Data Dissemination Standard in November 2002, and participation in the preparation of the data module of the ROSC. Other steps included improving fiscal audits and the evaluation of budget expenditure, and measures in the recent tax reform to simplify the tax system.
Mr. Andrew J Tiffin, Mr. Christian B. Mulder, and Mr. Charalambos Christofides
This paper examines the relationship between adherence to international standards of good practice in policy-making and two key indicators of access to capital markets and the cost of this access: spreads and sovereign ratings. In contrast to other work, this study reviews a broad set of indicators for adherence to international standards. The estimations are conducted for emerging market economies, and pay particular attention to issues of persistence in spreads and ratings and nonlinearities in the relationships. The main finding confirms the expectation that standards are indeed relevant. Accounting standards and property rights are especially important for spreads, in addition to data transparency (SDDS subscription). Accounting standards and corruption are especially important in explaining ratings in addition to trade protectiveness (not a standard).
International Monetary Fund
The paper provides a summary of Uruguay's practices with respect to the coverage, periodicity, and timeliness of the Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) data categories, and an assessment of the quality of national accounts, prices, fiscal, monetary and financial, and external sector statistics. Uruguay has made good progress recently in improving the dissemination of statistical information. The Internet pages of the Central Bank of Uruguay (BCU) and the National Institute of Statistics (INE) allow increasingly detailed monitoring of developments in the Uruguayan economy.