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International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Liberia remains a fragile, post-conflict country with weak capacity and limited physical and human capital accumulation. External assistance to Liberia is winding down from its peak in 2016. To address pressing needs, the government launched its Pro-Poor Agenda for Prosperity and Development (PAPD), focusing on physical and human capital accumulation. Policy uncertainty and slippages, however, imposed a significant toll on the economy over the past two years. Particularly, higher fiscal deficits and accommodative monetary policy have led to rapid depreciation of the Liberia dollar and increased inflation, eroding the purchasing power of the poor.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights that Liberia’s economy appears poised for recovery, as growth bottomed out in 2016 and edged to 2.5 percent in 2017. However, Liberia remains fragile with poor living conditions for the majority of the population. Moreover, a decline in aid inflows, which were elevated during 2014–16, has put pressure on the exchange rate and fiscal resources. The government is thus facing the daunting task of pursuing a demanding development agenda in the face of high expectations. Assuming the implementation of sound policies, the medium-term outlook appears favorable. The main upside risk is an increase in commodity prices and output, while downside risks include difficulties in mobilizing resources to fill the financing gap and in pursuing structural and institutional reforms.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
This paper discusses Liberia’s Seventh and Eighth Reviews under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria (PCs). Three of six structural benchmarks (SBs) for the seventh review and two of four SBs for the eighth review were met. The rest, except one, were met with a delay. Risks are concentrated in the near term. Based on the strength of the authorities’ policy commitments and corrective measures, the IMF staff supports the authorities’ request for waivers for nonobservance of PCs and supports completion of the seventh and eighth program reviews.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Ebola epidemic and the fall in commodity prices have revealed the vulnerabilities of Liberia’s economy. After barely positive growth in 2014, GDP was flat in 2015 mainly owing to the decline in activity in the iron ore and rubber sectors. Although international gross reserves increased in 2015, the Central Bank of Liberia’s net foreign exchange position declined owing to operational deficits and exceptional support to the banking sector. In 2016, growth is expected to rise to 2.5 percent, thanks to a rebound in services and the start of gold production, while inflation should stay in the single digits.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
This paper discusses Liberia’s Second Review Under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria and Modification of a Performance Criterion. Program performance has weakened relative to the previous review, as well as the former ECF-supported arrangement. Three out of six performance criteria and two out of four indicative targets were missed. The IMF staff supports the completion of the second review of the ECF arrangement and the authorities’ request for waivers of performance criteria and modification of the domestic financing performance criterion.
International Monetary Fund
In this study, the staff report for the review under the three-year arrangement under the Extended Credit Facility is discussed. Investment in iron ore and commercial agriculture and rebound in rubber prices are important for growth. Fiscal, monetary, and financial policies are discussed. An update of external debt sustainability confirms the low risk of debt distress rating. IMF staff supports the new indicative floor on education and health spending in FY2012, and the performance criterion on the Central Bank of Liberia (CBL) payment are discontinued.
International Monetary Fund
The staff report for the Third Review of Performance Under the Staff-Monitored Program (SMP) on Liberia explains economic developments. The Central Bank of Liberia (CBL) will continue to use the exchange rate to gauge domestic monetary conditions and manage Liberian dollar liquidity to maintain broad exchange rate stability. Progress has been made in rebuilding Liberia’s statistical capacity, but more needs to be done to establish the database required for policy formulation and monitoring.
International Monetary Fund
Economic developments are broadly in line with the original program projections for the year. The authorities have made considerable progress in implementing the IMF staff-monitored program (SMP), and the program is broadly on track. Substantial efforts to improve revenue administration raised revenue by 18 percent in February-June 2006, compared with the corresponding period in 2005. The financial position of the Central Bank of Liberia (CBL) also improved. Serious capacity constraints also affect the ability of the authorities to achieve all of the objectives.
International Monetary Fund
Liberia’s 2006 Article IV Consultation reports that the economy continues its modest recovery, driven by donor-related expenditure and the resumption of activity in rural areas. The government has endorsed the Governance and Economic Management Assistance Program that aims to strengthen economic governance and financial management and rebuild Liberia’s key economic institutions. Reestablishment of confidence in these institutions is crucial to maintaining stability, securing sustained external support, and encouraging private investment.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
L’édition web du Bulletin du FMI est mise à jour plusieurs fois par semaine et contient de nombreux articles sur des questions de politique générale et de politique économique d'actualité. Accédez aux dernières recherches du FMI, lisez des interviews et écoutez des podcasts proposés par les principaux économistes du FMI sur des questions importantes de l'économie mondiale. www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/survey/so/home.aspx