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Antoine Bouveret
This paper outlines a framework to perform liquidity stress tests for investment funds. Practical aspects related to the calibration of the redemption shock, the measurement of liquidity buffers and the assessment of the resilience of investment funds are discussed. The integration of liquidity stress tests with banking sector stress tests and possible bank-fund interlinkages are also covered.
International Monetary Fund
The Fund, as Trustee of the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust (PRGT or Trust),entered into an amendment of the 2010 borrowing agreement with Danmarks Nationalbank, and new borrowing agreements with the Norwegian Ministry of Finance representing the Kingdom of Norway and the Sveriges Riksbank (hereafter Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, respectively), by which the counterparties will provide new resources to the Loan Accounts of the PRGT in the total amount of SDR 1.1 billion (see attachments). The augmentation under the amendment and the two new agreements are the first three loan contributions to be concluded in the context of the current Board-endorsed effort to raise SDR 11 billion in new PRGT loan resources. These amendment and new agreements became effective on November 17, 2016.
Mr. Francis Vitek
This paper analyzes the transmission of shocks and policies among and across the Nordic economies and the rest of the world. This spillover analysis is based on a pair of estimated structural macroeconometric models of the world economy, disaggregated into thirty five national economies. We find that the Nordic economies are heavily exposed to external macroeconomic and financial shocks, but have significant scope to mitigate their domestic macroeconomic impacts through coordinated policy responses, given their high degree of regional integration.
International Monetary Fund
The Riksbank (RB) has conducted a formal self-assessment of the RIX system's observance of the Core Principles in the context of the IMF Financial Sector Assessment Program, which describes the role of Riksbank-Funds Transfer System (RIX) in maintaining the stability of the Swedish financial system. Riksbank’s Funds Transfer System (RIX) provides facilities for real-time gross settlement (RTGS) in central bank money of Swedish kronor (SEK) payment transactions. The assessment points to opportunities for further improvements in the legal basis and in clearly defining and publicly disclosing its major policies.
International Monetary Fund
This paper provides an assessment of the level of implementation of the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) Principles in Sweden’s securities market. The assessment has identified several significant weaknesses in the scope and effectiveness of securities market regulation. The Executive Board recommends licensing of insurance intermediaries under the Securities Market Act (SMA). The government should also reconsider its policy of attaching specific short-term project requirements to parliament’s annual budget allocation for Finansinspektionen (FI) initially and during the course of the financial year.
International Monetary Fund
The Swedish banking system faced a severe liquidity strain during the global financial crisis owing to their extensive reliance on global wholesale funding to support expansion in their credit operations. This note gives a detailed review on the recommendations made in the Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) Update in the area of systemic liquidity risk management, especially in relatively weak areas and some aspects of Riksbank’s domestic liquidity toolkit. But it does not cover a range of issues on emergency liquidity assistance to individual institutions.
John Brondolo
This paper considers how a tax on financial transactions could be applied to three broad and partially overlapping categories of financial instruments: (1) exchange-traded instruments; (2) over-the-counter instruments; and, (3) foreign exchange instruments. For each category, the paper examines the factors that would facilitate or complicate the administration of a financial transactions tax, the options for collecting the tax, the types of compliance risks that are likely to be encountered, and measures for mitigating these risks.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses key findings of the Detailed Assessment of Observance of Standards and Codes in Sweden. The assessment reveals that the laws and regulations on banking activities and their supervision are in place in Sweden. The composition of the Board of the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority (FI) is not regulated in law or other ordinances. The position of the FI in relation to other public agencies in possible crisis situations is not defined in law. The FI has also made a motion to the government for a large increase in the number of specialists in its employ.
International Monetary Fund
The Canadian Depository for Securities (CDS) is the operator of the securities settlement system. The design and operations of the CDS are covered by a solid legal basis. The regulatory framework is clear and transparent to market participants. The risk management procedures of the CDS as a Central Counterparty (CCP) have not yet been assessed against the Committee on Payments and Settlements Systems Recommendations for CCP. The CDS should explicitly assess the benefits and costs of acting as a CCP for trade-for-trade (TFT) transactions.