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International Monetary Fund
The economic performance has been positive as tight macroeconomic policies prevailed, helped by a remarkable revenue mobilization effort. None of the key indicator targets were met. Fiscal performance improved, but there was an increase in the overall fiscal deficit. Monetary policy was also less expansionary. Efforts were sustained to strengthen the justice delivery system. The long-term goal is to eradicate poverty by significantly increasing the national income, through stable economic growth, and reducing income and non-income inequalities through specific poverty-reduction priority interventions.
International Monetary Fund
This paper reviews Zambia’s Second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Implementation Progress Report. The report reviews the status of the Poverty Reducing Programs (PRPs) for July 2003–June 2004. It notes improvement in funding to priority PRPs from K140 billion in January 2002–June 2003 to K430 billion in July 2003–June 2004. The report discusses that major improvements in public finance management were achieved in the first half of the budget year 2004, mainly owing to the introduction of the Medium-Term Expenditure Framework and Activity-Based Budgeting.
International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The past century has been marked by rapid advances in human welfare. People in most parts of the world are healthier and are living longer. While this trend is likely to continue, hopes are fading in some regions where progress slowed or stopped in the1990s, primarily as a result of the AIDS epidemic. This compilation of articles published over the past five years in the pages of F&D looks at the important links between health and economic progress. Articles range over a variety of topics, from the Millennium Development Goals and their health-related targets for 2015 to the economics of tobacco control. Several articles examine the impact of AIDS and the global reaction, while others look at debt and the intellectual property aspects of health care.

International Monetary Fund
This paper reviews Zambia’s First Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) Implementation Progress Report covering January 2002–June 2003. The report describes the first one and half years of the implementation of the PRSP in four strategic areas, namely economic and social sectors, governance, infrastructure, and crosscutting issues. It covers the macroeconomic performance—budget and structural reforms with regard to the PRSP refined indicators. The report focuses on the progress made in undertaking structural reforms to support the policy and institutional changes required to effectively implement the PRSP.
International Monetary Fund
This joint staff assessment evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of Malawi’s poverty reduction strategy (MPRS), and considers whether the PRSP provides a sound basis for concessional assistance from the World Bank and IMF, as well as for debt relief under the Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Debt Initiative. The annual review of the MPRS highlighted the reduced allocation of budgetary resources to pro-poor activities and the slow progress made in implementing structural and sectoral policy measures, and assesses that the implementation of the MPRSP has been unsatisfactory.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Para estar al corriente del pensamiento actual sobre el sistema financiero internacional, la política monetaria, el desarrollo económico, la reducción de la pobreza y otros temas cruciales, suscríbase a Finanzas y Desarrollo. Esta amena revista trimestral ofrece análisis profundos del personal técnico del FMI y destacados expertos internacionales sobre estas y otras cuestiones. Los artículos están dirigidos a un público no especializado que desea comprender mejor el funcionamiento de la economía mundial y las políticas y actividades del FMI.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
This paper focuses on overcoming the challenges of globalization. The paper highlights that globalization has the potential to make all individuals better off. However, there is no assurance that all individuals will be better off or that all changes will be positive. The studies that show that, on average, poverty declines with economic growth are encouraging. But averages hide the negative impact on individual countries and on certain groups. In addition, there are important questions about the relationships between economic policies and outcomes, especially the impact of macroeconomic and structural reform policies on poverty.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly magazine brings you in-depth analyses of these and other subjects by the IMF’s own staff as well as by prominent international experts. Articles are written for lay readers who want to enrich their understanding of the workings of the global economy and the policies and activities of the IMF.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen to podcasts given by top IMF economists on important issues in the global economy. www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/survey/so/home.aspx