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Mr. Rabah Arezki, Mr. Patrick Bolton, Sanjay Peters, Frederic Samama, and Joseph Stiglitz
This paper investigates the emerging global landscape for public-private co-investments in infrastructure. The creation of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and other so-called “infrastructure investment platforms” are an attempt to tap into the pool of both public and private long-term savings in order to channel the latter into much needed infrastructure projects. This paper puts these new initiatives into perspective by critically reviewing the literature and experience with public private partnerships in infrastructure. It concludes by identifying the main challenges policy makers and other actors will need to confront going forward and to turn infrastructure into an asset class of its own.
International Monetary Fund
This paper presents findings of the First Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement (SBA) for the Republic of Kosovo. The paper highlights that macroeconomic and financial policies are broadly on-track. All end-April and continuous quantitative performance criteria under the SBA were met with comfortable margins, as a modest shortfall in revenue collection was overcompensated by underexecution of spending. The program’s key objectives remain restoring a sustainable fiscal position and sufficient government cash buffers, anchoring fiscal policy through the introduction of a fiscal rule, and enhancing the resilience of the financial system.
International Monetary Fund
This Selected Issues paper aims to present a medium-term reform strategy that could be pursued by Libya to accelerate its transition to a market economy. The paper reviews the main characteristics of the Libyan economy, and medium-term prospects under current policies. It examines the priority reforms that Libya needs to implement to accelerate its transition to a market economy, while maintaining macroeconomic stability. The paper also reviews a second set of reforms that aim to consolidate the reform process and advance the restructuring of the economy in favor of the non-oil sector.
International Monetary Fund
The Czech economy has turned in a solid performance, and the medium-term prospects are good. The short-term outlook is positive, although downside risks are significant The outlook for low underlying inflation leaves scope for monetary policy to continue to support growth. The government's resolve to address the deterioration in the fiscal accounts has been commended. The challenge now is to implement the proposals and prepare for medium-term output. Redressing shortcomings of the judicial and legal systems is the top priority for structural reform.
International Monetary Fund
This 2003 Article IV Consultation highlights that Morocco’s growth performance over the last decade has not been strong enough to reduce poverty. Growth has also been volatile because of the impact of recurrent drought conditions on agricultural output. Economic conditions improved in 2002 despite a less favorable international environment, which was marked by a decline in tourism and external demand. Real GDP growth reached 4.5 percent reflecting a further rise in agricultural output and somewhat higher growth in the nonagricultural sectors.
International Monetary Fund
Benin’s economic and financial performance under the first-year program supported by the poverty reduction and growth facility was satisfactory. The resumption of structural reform implementation is essential for the authorities to improve resource allocation and meet their objective of accelerating growth to 7 percent over the medium term. To accelerate economic growth and improve service delivery, a broad consensus is emerging on the need to draw private expertise and capital into key public enterprises, either through privatization or different forms of public–private partnerships.
International Monetary Fund
The government has implemented the IMF-supported program with impressive firmness and has moved quickly to adopt corrective measures as needed to ensure that it stays on track. Much has been accomplished in stabilization and structural reform within a short period. Achievement of the fiscal objectives will be challenging, in both Serbia and Montenegro. Continued progress in structural reform is important. The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia needs the continued support of donors and creditors. The World Bank is closely involved in the reconstruction efforts.