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International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
This paper discusses Haiti’s Request for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility (RCF). The Haitian authorities are requesting emergency financial assistance under the IMF’s RCF to address the urgent balance of payments and fiscal needs associated with the rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts. The authorities are also seeking grants and additional concessional financing from multilateral and bilateral donors to cover the remaining financing needs stemming from the emergency humanitarian and reconstruction efforts. It is anticipated that the assistance provided by the IMF under the RCF will play an important catalytic role in facilitating the provision of these resources to Haiti.
International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This is the final review under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) arrangement. The program contributed to maintaining macroeconomic stability, and there was progress on structural reforms. The authorities intend to request a successor arrangement under the ECF. A new finance minister was appointed in April; uncertainly remains on the timing of elections. Preliminary data suggest that GDP in FY2014 grew by 3.5–4 percent, while inflation increased slightly to about 5 percent. An increase in fuel prices (in October) should result in fiscal savings of at least 1 percent of GDP during FY2015. The March performance criterion on net international reserves (NIR) was met, but although the deficit was lower than projected, the performance criterion on net central bank credit to the central government was missed. Downside risks are significant and include a pull-back of Venezuela-related flows, a resumption of political tensions, and vulnerability to weather events. A total of SDR 1.638 million will become available upon completion of this review, bringing total disbursements under the ECF to SDR 40.950 million. Key Policy Recommendations: • The policy mix, in particular the adjustment going forward, should come from a lower fiscal deficit rather than from a tighter monetary policy. The FY2015 fiscal deficit should be reduced to mitigate financing risks as part of a medium-term plan to restore fiscal sustainability. • The central bank should let the exchange rate adjust more to market pressures. Intervention should be parsimonious, geared at avoiding excess volatility and disorderly movements in the exchange rate; it should be guided by fundamentals in the medium term. • Progress on structural reforms (including on the energy sector and on public financial management) should catalyze more donor support and is essential for supporting growth. A possible new ECF arrangement would entrench macroeconomic stability and promote policies to generate sustained GDP growth.
International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
This Seventh Review Under the Extended Credit Facility of Haiti focuses on economic activity that continued to advance in FY2013, despite negative weather events early in the fiscal year. The fiscal deficit increased to 6.7 percent of GDP in FY2013 owing to a gasoline price freeze that dented revenues and on transfers to the electricity sector. The evolution of monetary aggregates reflected government policies and some dedollarization, while the banking system remained well capitalized and profitable. The macroeconomic outlook and the conditions for policy implementation are subject to a number of downside risks.
International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
This paper discusses Haiti’s Sixth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, and Request for Extension of the Arrangement and Rephasing of Disbursements. Growth continued to be modest, due largely to long-standing frail capacity, weather-related shocks, and structural weaknesses. Inflation remained in the mid-single digits and international reserves at about six months of imports. Fiscal performance during the first half of the year was weaker than budgeted, mostly on account of lower revenue collection. Program implementation is broadly satisfactory. The authorities met all end-March 2013 performance criteria, but missed two indicative targets.
International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
Significant progress has been made in Haiti to safeguard macroeconomic stability after the January 2010 earthquake. However, the pace of the reconstruction has been slow and the business environment remains unattractive. Further development and strengthening social safety nets are essential. The monetary policy stance is appropriate and continuing commitment to exchange rate flexibility is appreciated. Improving the business environment is important to raise productivity, enhance competitiveness, and achieve higher and more inclusive growth.
International Monetary Fund
The staff report on Haiti’s second and third reviews under the Extended Credit Facility is examined. Haiti has emerged from a protracted and tumultuous electoral period. The reconstruction is under way, albeit at a slower pace than anticipated, owing mainly to the protracted electoral agenda and Haiti’s limited administrative and absorptive capacity. The damage caused by the earthquake has been massive, estimated at the equivalent to 120 percent of GDP. The authorities need to sustain high growth, alleviate poverty, and strengthen the country’s resilience to external shocks.
International Monetary Fund
The economy of Haiti is recovering despite the challenging international and domestic environments. The FY2011 budget appropriately supports the reconstruction objectives in a context of sustainable public financing. Monetary policy remains geared toward keeping inflation in the single digits. The structural reform agenda continues to focus on improving the business climate and promoting private sector-led growth. International assistance is critical to recovering from the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. Reconstruction is under way, albeit at a slower pace than envisaged. The humanitarian response from donors to the earthquake was quick and sizable.
International Monetary Fund
The recent financial crisis has given renewed urgency to the need for resolution systems for financial institutions, which both safeguard financial stability and limit moral hazard. However, experience demonstrates that these systems will not be effective unless progress is also made in developing a framework that applies on a cross-border basis. Since many systemically important financial groups operate globally, an uncoordinated application of resolution systems by national authorities will make it much more difficult to both secure the continuity of essential functions (thereby limiting contagion), and ensure that shareholders and creditors bear the financial burden of the resolution process.
International Monetary Fund
This paper responds to the IMFC call to review, in light of the crisis, the Fund’s mandate over macroeconomic and financial sector policies bearing on global stability. The crisis exposed weaknesses in economic oversight—national, regional, and global—prior to the crisis, prompting major institutional innovations to uncover risks and meet large and diverse financing needs. Despite progress, it still needs to be asked if the mandate in the Fund’s Articles is up to the challenges ahead. The Board’s deliberations, which are far from complete, have prompted it to emphasize practical steps to deliver on the Fund’s broad stability mandate, with any need to amend the Articles reconsidered in light of experience. The effectiveness of these steps will also depend on quota and governance reform, as confidence in the Fund as an impartial overseer of global stability and lender of last resort rests on its legitimacy.