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International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
A three-year arrangement for Mongolia under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF) was approved on May 24, 2017, in an amount equivalent to SDR 314.5054 million (435 percent of quota, or about $425 million). The arrangement is part of a $5.5 billion multi-donor financing package that supports the authorities’ Economic Recovery Plan. The extended arrangement is subject to quarterly reviews.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This Economic Development Document summarizes Mauritania’s Strategy for Accelerated Growth and Shared Prosperity (SCAPP) for 2016–30. The first five-year phase of the SCAPP will complete projects under way and lay the foundations for a new, politically more peaceful Mauritania, with infrastructure put in place to support growth and encourage development of the country's natural resources. Steps will be taken to complete the reforms needed to improve the business climate and promote the private sector. In the second five-year period, the economy will be more diversified and competitive, with the real rate of growth averaging at about 10 percent a year. The third five-year phase will consolidate Mauritania's “new look” and the economic growth will exceed 12 percent a year.
International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
This paper discusses Poland’s Arrangement Under the Flexible Credit Line (FCL) and Cancellation of the Current Arrangement. The FCL arrangements since 2009 have served Poland well, providing valuable insurance against external shocks. With the support of the consecutive FCL arrangements, Poland has weathered bouts of market turbulence well, and remains an attractive investment destination. The authorities intend to continue treating the FCL as precautionary and consider it a temporary supplement to reserves. In IMF staff’s view, Poland continues to meet the qualification criteria for continued access to the FCL.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This paper discusses Tunisia’s Request for an Extension of the Stand-By Arrangement. The sixth review, originally scheduled to take place before end-March 2015, was delayed. Although quantitative performance criteria for end-December 2014 and end-March 2015 are likely to have been met, the structural reform agenda did not advance as expected, mainly reflecting the authorities’ focus on the formation of a coalition government and the approval of internal regulations for the newly elected parliament. The adoption of long-awaited legislation necessary to promote more inclusive growth and reduce vulnerabilities remains outstanding in many areas. The IMF staff supports the authorities’ request for an extension of the arrangement until December 31, 2015.
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
This Selected Issues paper uncovers the factors behind the unprecedented widening of India’s current account deficit in terms of the sectoral savings-investment balance. The unprecedented widening of India’s current account deficit in recent years is a symptom of underlying macroeconomic imbalances and structural weaknesses. Persistently high inflation has depressed real returns, prompting a surge in gold imports and a marked deterioration in household financial savings and the savings-investment balance. In turn, improvement in the public sector’s savings-investment balance was achieved through capital spending cuts, as subsidies remained high and fuel price adjustments lagged. Further efforts to increase financial savings would help reduce the current account deficit sustainably and boost growth.
International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
This paper discusses St. Kitts and Nevis’ Fifth and Sixth Reviews under the Stand-By Arrangement (SBA), Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion (PC) and Request for Waiver of Applicability. All fiscal program targets were met through the end of March 2013, partly thanks to strong receipts from the Citizenship by Investment program. However, the continuous PC on the nonaccumulation of government and guaranteed external arrears was missed by a minor amount because of temporary delays in payments. Three structural benchmarks were met at the end of December 2012 and the end of March 2013, while two benchmarks were met with delay. The IMF staff supports the authorities’ request for the completion of the fifth and sixth reviews under the SBA and the waiver of applicability.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
This Selected Issues paper reviews the extent to which growth in Ethiopia has translated into higher living standards. A key feature of the economic strategy has been an explicit commitment to poverty reduction and structural transformation. This is underpinned by the vision of a “developmental state,” whereby a proactive public sector leads the development process and the private sector is oriented to support the development goals. The paper also identifies key bottlenecks hindering further broadening of growth across key sectors to reduce poverty, and highlights the main areas for policy action.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Niger’s new Poverty Reduction Strategy (PDES) represents its overarching reference framework for the government’s development agenda. It also proposes changes in policy orientation and institutional arrangements to respond to recent developments in Niger and in the subregion. The PDES was developed in an inclusive participatory process. Overall, it provides a comprehensive analysis of development challenges and a plan to achieve accelerated sustainable growth, identifies key risks to the achievements of the objectives as well as mitigating measures.
International Monetary Fund
Despite a relatively high GDP growth rate over the past decade (2000–10), economic growth in Mauritania has not been able to make a significant dent in poverty. Rapid and sustained poverty reduction requires inclusive growth that allows people to contribute to and benefit from expanding economic activity. Mauritania needs to make greater progress toward inclusive growth by enhancing the distributional impact of public spending and by improving the quality of pro-poor spending. The Executive Board recommends effective monetary policies to meet the challenges.
International Monetary Fund
This paper presents the status report on Bangladesh’s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). Having prepared the Interim-PRSP (I-PRSP) in March 2003, the government of Bangladesh has set itself to a well-rounded process of preparing the full-blown PRSP by December 2004. That would entail a time span of 21 months compared with the average time of about 26 months reported to have been required by the I-PRSP countries to complete their full PRSPs. The government adheres to the core principles of the PRSP that it should be country-driven, results-oriented, comprehensive in scope, partnership-oriented, and fully participatory in nature.