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International Monetary Fund
This technical paper focuses on the challenges faced by Paraguay’s budget resources. Paraguay’s government should adopt a forward-looking fiscal strategy. The strategy’s main goals should be to contain budget dependence on Itaipu revenues, preserve fiscal discipline, and allow for the gradual and sustainable transformation of the envisaged, yet temporary, windfall into other forms of financial, physical, and human capital. The creation of a special fund could help mobilize public support for saving part of the windfall and building a buffer for the future.
International Monetary Fund
The staff paper for the Third Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement on Paraguay focuses on the macroeconomic framework and medium-term scenario, risks, and capacity to repay the IMF. There have been delays in implementing some structural measures, especially related to the approval of banking legislation, owing to a shift in the political environment and congressional delays. Macroeconomic performance has been better than envisaged under the program. The authorities have adopted a new strategy involving a two-stage approach that they believe is politically feasible to achieve but will require more time to implement.
International Monetary Fund
Paraguay’s Fifth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Performance Criteria are discussed. The overall fiscal position remains in surplus, the exchange rate weakened slightly with respect to the U.S. dollar, but considerably with respect to the Brazilian real, and international reserves continue to rise. There have been delays in implementing the structural reform agenda. The authorities need to maintain momentum and deepen the structural agenda to reduce vulnerabilities, strengthen institutions, and lay the basis for growth.
International Monetary Fund
This paper presents key findings of the Financial System Stability Assessment, including Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes on Monetary and Financial Policy Transparency, Banking Supervision, and Payment Systems for the Kyrgyz Republic. Though the Kyrgyz Republic has made progress in addressing macroeconomic imbalances in recent years, its financial system remains small and at a fairly low level of development. Thus, most financial vulnerabilities should be viewed more in terms of their threat to financial sector development than their threat to macroeconomic stability.
Mr. T. M. C. Asser

Abstract

This book analyzes and compares the laws of selected industrial countries that are representative of the different approaches to the treatment of banks in distress. It addresses only those banking and economic policy issues that are required for a proper understanding of the banking law or the legal strategies, procedures, and practices that have evolved in the treatment of banking problems. The book does not cover international aspects of bank insolvency, but rather has a domestic focus, given that bank regulation and supervision are still largely a national endeavor.