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International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Finance & Development, December 2014
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Finance & Development, December 2014
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Finance & Development, December 2014
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Finanzas y Desarrollo, diciembre de 2014
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
This chapter emphasizes the importance of health policy and its implementation and connection to economic growth. The chapter also offers a different view of progress in the provision of better health facilities. The study looks at today’s health systems—the amalgam of people, practices, rules, and institutions that serve the health needs of a population—and at the economics behind them. The role good health plays in individuals’ and households’ ability to rise and remain above the poverty line is stressed. Several health reports are presented.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
The analysis and adjustment of government expenditure in less developed countries is discussed. A better balance between supply and demand in the public sector can be achieved by raising budgetary revenues, or by cutting budgetary expenditures, or by some combination of both. The IMF devotes considerable attention to assisting countries to make their tax systems more buoyant, to reduce the disincentive effects of taxation, and to administer their tax systems more effectively. Government expenditure policies are often important elements in programs of external adjustment supported by the IMF.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
This paper describes the technical improvement in developing countries. It highlights that developing countries have relied heavily for their industrial development upon foreign enterprises as sources of technology and management systems. The paper underscores that through direct investment or under licensing arrangements, foreign corporations have supplied a vast array of industrial products and equipment and have exercised a major role in the design and construction of processing and manufacturing facilities in newly industrializing countries.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
This paper analyzes economic implications of high rates of population growth in the world. The paper highlights that today, the world population is growing at a rate that is 30 times as high as the average rate of growth between the first century A.D. and 1650. In less developed countries, this rate is 40 times as high. In discussing the advantages that economic development derives when human fertility is reduced, the paper shows that while some commonly held beliefs about these are correct, others are out of touch with modern expert thinking.