This paper presents key findings of the First Review for Burundi under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). Economic growth in Burundi increased to 4.5 percent in 2008, mainly because of a good coffee harvest and more donor-financed projects. The economic outlook is generally positive but subject to risks arising from the security situation and the external environment. Performance under the PRGF-supported program has been broadly satisfactory. All quantitative and structural performance criteria at end-September 2008 were met, and structural reforms are proceeding.