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International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
The COVID-19 pandemic is having a severe human, economic, and social impact on Mauritania. The economy is estimated to have contracted by about 2 percent in 2020 and the crisis generated large financing needs. The authorities responded swiftly to mitigate the impact of the pandemic while international partners provided grants, loans, and debt service suspension. This, compounded by higher commodity exports (iron ore and gold) and some delays in emergency spending, resulted in unexpected fiscal surpluses and an accumulation of international reserves, which may now be used to support the recovery in 2021–22. The outlook remains highly uncertain and dependent on volatile commodity markets, with sizable downside risks in case new waves of the pandemic spill over into Mauritania.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
The COVID-19 pandemic is having a severe human, economic, and social impact on Mauritania. The economy is estimated to have contracted by about 2 percent in 2020 and the crisis generated large financing needs. The authorities responded swiftly to mitigate the impact of the pandemic while international partners provided grants, loans, and debt service suspension. This, compounded by higher commodity exports (iron ore and gold) and some delays in emergency spending, resulted in unexpected fiscal surpluses and an accumulation of international reserves, which may now be used to support the recovery in 2021–22. The outlook remains highly uncertain and dependent on volatile commodity markets, with sizable downside risks in case new waves of the pandemic spill over into Mauritania.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This paper discusses Mauritania’s Request for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF). The economic outlook is positive, but debt remains a concern. Near-term prospects are promising—supported by some improvement in the terms of trade, foreign direct investment in the extractive sector, planned structural reforms, and growth-enhancing public investment. Risks are balanced: on the upside, possible development of a recently discovered off-shore gas field could be a game-changer starting in 2021. On the downside, the economy remains highly vulnerable to lower metals prices, weather-related events, and regional security developments. The IMF staff supports the authorities’ request for the ECF arrangement.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This paper discusses the impact of the global economic slump on the Mauritanian economy, which faces a significant negative terms-of-trade shock that is more persistent than initially envisaged. The impact of the international shock is compounded by a narrow production base, structural weaknesses, and limited policy space related to elevated public debt and pressures on external buffers. The outlook sees a recovery in economic activity to 4.1 percent in 2016, but risks to the outlook are tilted to the downside. The present economic uncertainty has prompted Mauritania to call for an ambitious policy adjustment to diversify the economy and promote inclusive growth for a determined reform agenda.
Ms. Anna Kochanova and Carlos Caceres
This paper analyzes the linkages between governance quality and country stress events. It focuses on two types of events: fiscal and political stress events, for which two innovative stress indicators are introduced. The results suggest that weaker governance quality is associated with a higher incidence of both fiscal and political stress events. In particular, internal accountability, which measures the responsiveness of governments to improving the quality of the bureaucracy, public service provision, and respect for the institutional framework in place, is positively associated with fiscal stress events. However, external accountability, which captures government accountability before the public in general, through elections and the democratic process, seems to be more important for political stress events. These results hold when using balanced country samples where region, oil-exporter status, income level, and time are taken into account.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Turbulences sur les marchés financiers ; Strauss-Kahn prend la tête du FMI ; réchauffement climatique ; intégration financière en Europe ; finance islamique ; vulnérabilité des marchés émergents ; leçons de la crise des subprimes ; intégration du Maghreb ; gestion des finances publiques dans les pays producteurs de pétrole ; point sur l'actualité.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Turbulencias del mercado mundial; Strauss-Kahn, nuevo Director Gerente del FMI; Calentamiento global; Europa: La integración financiera; Las finanzas islámicas; Vulnerabilidad de los mercados emergentes; Agitación en el mercado de hipotecas de alto riesgo: Lecciones; La integración del Magreb; Los productores de petróleo: Gestión fiscal; Notas breves.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Global market turmoil; Strauss-Kahn to head IMF; Global warming; Europe: Financial integration; Islamic finance; Emerging market vulnerability; Subprime turmoil: Lessons; Maghreb integration; Oil producers: Fiscal management; News briefs.
International Monetary Fund
Mauritania achieved substantial progress owing to its macroeconomic policies, budget formulation, governance, and transparency under the economic program. Executive Directors commended the program and emphasized the need for tight fiscal and monetary policies. Directors noted the implementation of all remedial actions and agreed that Mauritania qualifies for debt relief under the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI). They also called on the authorities to strengthen the financial sector regulatory framework, and commended the comprehensive Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism framework.