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International Monetary Fund
Aruba is one of the most developed islands in the Caribbean. Still, it is vulnerable to external shocks owing to its heavy dependence on tourism and a steady increase in public debt. Policies to support further fiscal consolidation and boost Aruba’s growth potential are needed. Maintaining macroeconomic stability will require fiscal adjustment and an appropriately tight monetary policy. Bolstering the growth potential will require creating the right conditions for private investment and diversification. The financial system is generally sound, but warrants continued supervisory vigilance.
International Monetary Fund
This 2006 Article IV Consultation highlights that Ukraine’s fiscal policy in 2005–06 reshuffled resources from higher saving businesses to lower saving households, touching off a consumption boom, which has been reinforced by rapid credit expansion. In 2005, this boom helped to offset the drag on the economy from marked real currency appreciation, weaker steel exports owing to intensified third-country competition, higher business-tax collections, and post-Orange-Revolution reforms, which clamped down on tax loopholes, smuggling, and corruption. The authorities have proven adept at hitting low fiscal deficit targets.
International Monetary Fund
This Selected Issues paper analyzes whether cyclical factors, including the large real exchange rate appreciation in recent years in New Zealand, can account for the rapidity of the recent rise in import penetration, or whether more lasting structural changes, such as the effects of globalization, may have played a role. The paper also looks at New Zealand’s vulnerabilities from two angles. It evaluates the external position of the country, and then assesses the health and soundness of various sectors of the economy by looking at their balance sheets and the key vulnerability indicators.
International Monetary Fund
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
International Monetary Fund
Rapid growth during the second half of the 1990s led to overheating and the emergence of financial vulnerabilities by the end of the decade. Over the medium term, investment projects will impart a significant impetus to economic activity, and output will grow for some years above its long-term trend pace. There are, however, significant upside risks to this medium-term central scenario. Executive Directors supported the authorities' view that macroeconomic policies would have to remain restrictive to counteract the expected demand pressures over the medium term.
International Monetary Fund
Vanuatu has maintained macroeconomic stability, but real GDP growth slowed despite the receipt of considerable foreign assistance and the implementation of structural reforms under the Comprehensive Reform Program (CRP). A sharp increase in liquidity, a consequent bulge in consumption, and a rise in imports have affected Vanuatu's recent economic performance. Inflation, as measured by the consumer price index for the main urban centers, has remained moderate in recent years. The paper also discusses prices and population, financial sector, and external sector developments of Vanuatu.
International Monetary Fund
Cyprus is broadly compliant with International Organization of Securities Commission (IOSCO) core principles in a number of areas including enforcement, cooperation with domestic and foreign regulators, principles for issuers, principles for market intermediaries, and market regulation. The following statistical data are presented: composition of gross-fixed capital formation, tourist travels and receipts, wage and productivity indicators, price indices, implicit deflators, monetary survey, financial indicators, social insurance funds, direction of trade, invisible transaction, balance of payments, international reserves, imports by commodity, and so on.
International Monetary Fund
The statistical data on gross domestic product, consumer price index, financial operations of the central government, central government revenue and expenditure, monetary survey, summary accounts of the central bank, summary accounts of deposit money banks, sectoral distribution of credit, quarterly distribution of credit by sector and maturity, and structure of interest rates of Guinea are presented in this paper. The data on balance of payments, composition of merchandise exports, direction of trade, external public debt, and related economic indices are also presented.
International Monetary Fund
This paper reviews Albania’s 1999 Article IV Consultation, Request for the Second Annual Arrangement Under the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility, and a Request for Augmentation. Inflation fell to 2 percent in March 1999. The return to growth and low inflation reflected the government's adherence to strong fiscal consolidation efforts. The domestically financed component of the deficit was reduced to 6.4 percent of GDP in 1998 from 10.8 percent of GDP in 1997. The external current account deficit also fell sharply from 12 percent of GDP in 1997 to 6 percent of GDP.