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International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
The COVID-19 pandemic had a severe impact on Belize in 2020, leading to a 16.7 percent contraction in real GDP and a rise in public debt to an unsustainable level of 133 percent of GDP. To address this situation, the government presented a medium-term plan to lower public debt to 85 percent of GDP in 2025 and 70 percent in 2030 by implementing fiscal consolidation, structural reforms, and debt restructuring. Significant progress towards restoring debt sustainability was made in 2021.
International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

In response to the pandemic, fiscal policy has taken on a key role in macro-economic stabilization.

International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

1. Belize entered the pandemic with pre-existing vulnerabilities. Real GDP growth had slowed from 4.7 percent in 2000–09 to 2.8 percent in 2010–14 and 1.8 percent in 2015–19. Moreover, the economy was in recession when the pandemic hit, with real GDP contracting by 2.2 percent year on year in the last quarter of 2019 and 6.3 percent in the first quarter of 2020.