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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Introduction of a New National Currency
			: Policy, Institutional, and Technical Issues

Introduction of a New National Currency : Policy, Institutional, and Technical Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1993/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hernán Cortés Douglas , and Richard Abrams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846775.001

ISBN: 9781451846775

Keywords: bank notes, foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, bank note

In the last few years, a number of countries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe have become independent or regained their independence. Many have chosen to issue their own currencies and more are likely...

Introduction of a New National Currency

Introduction of a New National Currency »

Source: Introduction of a New National Currency : Policy, Institutional, and Technical Issues

Volume/Issue: 1993/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hernán Cortés Douglas , and Richard Abrams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1993

ISBN: 9781451846775

Keywords: bank notes, foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, bank note

In the last few years, a number of countries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe have become independent or regained their independence. Many have chosen to issue their own currencies and more are likely...

Real Wage Adjustment in the Former Soviet Union

Real Wage Adjustment in the Former Soviet Union »

Volume/Issue: 1993/11

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451969603.003

ISBN: 9781451969603

Keywords: wages, wage, real wages, wage adjustment, inflation, Real Wage Adjustment,

Since 1991, the economies of the former Soviet Union have experienced sizeable shocks that have pushed equilibrium real wages far from pre-transition levels. This paper sets out a framework in which to assess the d...

Real Wage Adjustment in the Former Soviet Union

Real Wage Adjustment in the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Real Wage Adjustment in the Former Soviet Union

Volume/Issue: 1993/11

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1993

ISBN: 9781451969603

Keywords: wages, wage, real wages, wage adjustment, inflation, Real Wage Adjustment,

Since 1991, the economies of the former Soviet Union have experienced sizeable shocks that have pushed equilibrium real wages far from pre-transition levels. This paper sets out a framework in which to assess the d...

Defining, Measuring and Alleviating Poverty in an Economy in Transition

Defining, Measuring and Alleviating Poverty in an Economy in Transition »

Source: Defining, Measuring and Alleviating Poverty in an Economy in Transition : The Case of Lithuania

Volume/Issue: 1994/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Cornelius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

ISBN: 9781451942248

Keywords: social safety net, social benefits, poverty line, social assistance, distribution of income

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Defining, Measuring and Alleviating Poverty in an Economy in Transition
			: The Case of Lithuania

Defining, Measuring and Alleviating Poverty in an Economy in Transition : The Case of Lithuania »

Volume/Issue: 1994/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Cornelius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942248.001

ISBN: 9781451942248

Keywords: social safety net, social benefits, poverty line, social assistance, distribution of income

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Setting Up a Treasury in Economies in Transition

Setting Up a Treasury in Economies in Transition »

Volume/Issue: 1995/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Teresa Ter-Minassian , Pedro Martínez-Méndez , and Pedro Parente

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843347.001

ISBN: 9781451843347

Keywords: central bank, government debt, budget execution, debt management, financial management

The primary mandate of a national Treasury is to promote an optimal financial management of government resources, by ensuring that spending agencies are provided, in a timely manner, the resources needed for a smoo...

Setting Up a Treasury in Economies in Transition

Setting Up a Treasury in Economies in Transition »

Source: Setting Up a Treasury in Economies in Transition

Volume/Issue: 1995/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Teresa Ter-Minassian , Pedro Martínez-Méndez , and Pedro Parente

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1995

ISBN: 9781451843347

Keywords: central bank, government debt, budget execution, debt management, financial management

The primary mandate of a national Treasury is to promote an optimal financial management of government resources, by ensuring that spending agencies are provided, in a timely manner, the resources needed for a smoo...

Growth, Nontradables, and Price Convergence in the Baltics

Growth, Nontradables, and Price Convergence in the Baltics »

Source: Growth, Nontradables, and Price Convergence in the Baltics

Volume/Issue: 1995/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Richards , and Gunnar Tersman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1995

ISBN: 9781451974317

Keywords: price level, exchange rate, inflation, exchange rates, real exchange rate

This paper reviews the recent real exchange rate appreciation observed in the three Baltic countries. Until now, this phenomenon may be viewed primarily as a consequence of the undervalued real exchange rates of th...

Growth, Nontradables, and Price Convergence in the Baltics

Growth, Nontradables, and Price Convergence in the Baltics »

Volume/Issue: 1995/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Richards , and Gunnar Tersman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974317.001

ISBN: 9781451974317

Keywords: price level, exchange rate, inflation, exchange rates, real exchange rate

This paper reviews the recent real exchange rate appreciation observed in the three Baltic countries. Until now, this phenomenon may be viewed primarily as a consequence of the undervalued real exchange rates of th...