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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

The Russian Federation in Transition
			: External Developments

The Russian Federation in Transition : External Developments »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753717.084

ISBN: 9781557753717

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, world market, terms of trade, debt-service obligations

This paper examines the effects of three "shocks" - the disintegration of the U.S.S.R., domestic economic reform, and changing relations with other countries- on Russia's balance of payments position. The importanc...

Policy Experiences and Issues in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Policy Experiences and Issues in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Daniel Citrin , and Ashok Lahiri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755186.084

ISBN: 9781557755186

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, money stock, monetary policy, central bank

This papers reviews the common challenges and key issues in the transition process, including the decline in output and determinants of future growth; the behavior of inflation and velocity and implications for sta...

Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Central Bank Reforms in the Baltics, Russia, and the Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Knight

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756985.084

ISBN: 9781557756985

Keywords: central bank, foreign exchange, banking, national bank, interbank market

Since 1991, the 15 countries under review - have to varying degrees, been pursuing reforms whose broad objectives have been to achieve market-based determination of interest rates and exchange rates, manage banking...

Fiscal Policy
			: Issues During the Transition in Russia

Fiscal Policy : Issues During the Transition in Russia »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sergei Alexashenko , and Augusto López-Claros

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757036.084

ISBN: 9781557757036

Keywords: pension, pensions, subsidies, expenditure, expenditures

Since 1992, the Russian Federation has moved away from a command economy and has laid the foundation of a market-based system. This paper examines some of the key fiscal policy issues that arose in 1992-96, the per...

Current Account and External Sustainability in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Current Account and External Sustainability in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758262.084

ISBN: 9781557758262

Keywords: current account, debt, debt service, external debt, deficits

Large current account imbalances have been recorded in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union since their independence. Are these current account positions sustainable, reflecting the s...

Summary Proceedings of the Fifty-Fourth Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors, September 28-30, 1999

Summary Proceedings of the Fifty-Fourth Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors, September 28-30, 1999 »

Series: Summary Proceedings

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758798.015

ISBN: 9781557758798

Keywords: debt, international financial, central bank, debt relief, financial system

This annual publication is a record of the IMF's Annual Meeting and contains the opening and closing addresses of the Chairman of the Board of Governors, presentation of the Annual Report by the Managing Director,...

Gestion des affaires publiques et lutte contre la corruption dans les États baltes et les pays de la CEI
			: Le rôle du FMI

Gestion des affaires publiques et lutte contre la corruption dans les États baltes et les pays de la CEI : Le rôle du FMI »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Thomas Wolf , and Emine Gürgen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 October 2000

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759450.051

ISBN: 9781557759450

Drawing on recent examples of corruptionin the Baltics and former Soviet Union, this pamphlet analyzes the links between governance and corruption, and emphasizes the high economic cost that corruption exacts. The...

Summary Proceedings of the Sixtieth Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors

Summary Proceedings of the Sixtieth Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors »

Series: Summary Proceedings

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066489.015

ISBN: 9781589066489

Keywords: debt, debt relief, world economy, oil prices, election

The speeches made by officials attending the IMF-World Bank Annual Meetings are published in this volume, along with the press communiqués issued by the International Monetary and Financial Committee and the Develo...

Summary Proceedings of the Sixty-First Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors

Summary Proceedings of the Sixty-First Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors »

Series: Summary Proceedings

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067899.015

ISBN: 9781589067899

Keywords: debt, financial markets, bank group, globalization, financial market

The speeches made by officials attending the IMF-World Bank Annual Meetings are published in this volume, along with the press communiqués issued by the International Monetary and Financial Committee and the Develo...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2015

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2015 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513528793.012

ISBN: 9781513528793

Keywords: exchange, foreign exchange, exchange rate, currency, market

This is the 66th issue of the AREAER, which provides comprehensive descriptions of the foreign exchange arrangements, exchange and trade systems, and capital controls of all IMF member countries. It describes each...