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Regional Economic Outlook, November 2018, Middle East and Central Asia

The MCD region is exposed to tightening in global financing conditions and ongoing global trade tensions.

Thoughts on An international Monetary Fund Based Fully on the SDR

Thoughts on An international Monetary Fund Based Fully on the SDR »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1979

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451946246.054

ISBN: 9781451946246

Keywords: reserve tranche, monetary fund, reserve tranche positions, reserve positions, balance of payments

This paper discusses the possibility of an IMF that would be based fully on the special drawing right (SDR). The paper explores the basic economic justification for a General Department restructured in this way, th...

The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf

The Macroeconomics of the Arab States of the Gulf »

Series: Books

Author(s): Raphael Espinoza , Ghada Fayad , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780199683796.071

ISBN: 9780199683796

Keywords: oil, monetary policy, fiscal policy, expenditure, oil prices

The economies of the Arab states of the Gulf have gone through considerable changes in the last decade, spurred by high oil prices and ambitious diversification plans. Large-scale immigration provided the labor for...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Regional Economic Outlook, November 2018, Middle East and Central Asia

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Regional Economic Outlook, November 2018, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375389.086

ISBN: 9781484375389

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Middle East and Central Asia, economic outlook, economic growth, global trade tensions, oil-importing countries, oil-exporting countries

As in other regions in the world, countries in MENAP and CCA regions are exposed to tightening in global financing conditions and ongoing global trade tensions. The former has already begun to impact several emergi...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2017, Middle East and Central Asia

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2017, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484312520.086

ISBN: 9781484312520

Keywords: Oil, Oil exports, economic outlook, economic forecasting, Middle East and Central Asia

Oil exporters in the Middle East and North Africa, Afghanistan, and Pakistan region (MENAP) are continuing to adjust to lower oil prices, which have dampened growth and contributed to large fiscal and external defi...