This paper discusses a request from Malawi for a one-year exogenous shocks facility (ESF) arrangement to help it adjust to the large terms-of-trade shock it has suffered. Real GDP growth of Malawi has been high and is expected to remain solid. Inflation, though rising in recent months, is still moderate and is expected to ease over the medium term. The government’s near-term program aims to increase the import coverage of official gross reserves while preserving growth and food security. IMF staff supports the authorities’ request for a one-year high-access ESF arrangement.
This paper discusses key findings of the 2006 Article IV Consultation and Third Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility for Niger. Macroeconomic performance and policy implementation have been broadly satisfactory. After a drought in 2004, a bumper harvest in late 2005 and good rains in 2006 have helped economic recovery, improved food security, and eased inflation. The fiscal deficit in 2006 is expected to be narrower than programmed, reflecting mainly lower spending on investment and food security.
This paper examines the United Republic of Tanzania’s Fifth Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility. Economic growth, inflation, and the external position have been evolving in a manner broadly consistent with program assumptions. For the medium term, challenges center on mobilization and efficient use of public resources, managing liquidity pressures from high aid inflows, and facilitation of private sector-led growth, while maintaining a sound macroeconomic framework. The government is actively considering measures to address the crisis situation in the energy sector.
This paper examines Lesotho’s Sixth Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria. Real GDP growth slowed to 3¼ percent in 2003/04 (April-March) owing to the adverse impact of drought on agricultural output and slower-than-envisaged growth in the construction sector. Fiscal performance in 2003/04 was stronger than envisaged in the program, partly reflecting temporary factors. All quantitative performance criteria for December 2003 and indicative targets for March 2004 were met. The IMF staff supports the key macroeconomic objectives of the authorities’ budget for 2004/05.
In 2011, the economy of Mali is expected to stay on a robust growth trajectory with low inflation. Fiscal performance has been consistent with program targets during the first half of 2011. Money supply increased more than GDP during the first nine months of 2011. The authorities intend to continue the ongoing economic and financial reforms in cooperation with the IMF. Initiation of the new Extended Credit Facility program will coincide with the launch of the third growth and poverty reduction strategy (G-PRSP III) for 2012–17.
This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix analyzes recent trends in poverty and social indicators for Zimbabwe. It discusses land reform, agricultural policies, and the outcomes. The paper presents background information on the evolution of inflation and money aggregates in Zimbabwe. It analyzes the demand of money since the late 1990s, and discusses factors that can lead to diverging paths of inflation and money growth in the short term. The paper also analyzes Zimbabwe’s export performance in recent years, and identifies the factors that could improve export performance, from both a quantitative and qualitative perspective.