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Chapter 13. Australian Pensions: An Equitable and Sustainable Arrangement in a Postcrisis World?

Chapter 13. Australian Pensions: An Equitable and Sustainable Arrangement in a Postcrisis World? »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Australia has a classic three-pillar retirement system, comprising A government-financed public pension, called the Age Pe...

Chapter 14. Emerging Asia’s Public Pension Systems: Challenges and Reform Efforts

Chapter 14. Emerging Asia’s Public Pension Systems: Challenges and Reform Efforts »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Providing economic security for the elderly may well be the single biggest social and economic challenge facing developing Asia (henceforth Asia) in the 21st century. Th...

Chapter 1. Equitable and Sustainable Pension Systems

Chapter 1. Equitable and Sustainable Pension Systems »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Pension reform is high on the agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies, for many reasons. First, public pensions often constitute a large share of governmen...

Chapter 5: Findings and Recommendations

Chapter 5: Findings and Recommendations »

Source: IEO Evaluation of Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2007

ISBN: 9781589066496

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates

Main Finding 54. In the period reviewed (1999–2005), the IMF was simply not as effective as it needs to be to fulfill its responsibilities for exchange rate surveillance. This judgme...

Chapter 16. India’s Pension Reform Initiative

Chapter 16. India’s Pension Reform Initiative »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Nearly one-eighth of world’s elderly population lives in India. The vast majority of this population is not covered by any formal pension scheme. Instead, they are depen...

Chapter 5. Intergenerational Equity and the Gender Gap in Pension Issues

Chapter 5. Intergenerational Equity and the Gender Gap in Pension Issues »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction This chapter focuses on two of the many pension-related challenges facing most countries around the world: increasing intergenerational equity and reducing the still-pre...

Chapter 1: Introduction and Context

Chapter 1: Introduction and Context »

Source: IEO Evaluation of Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2007

ISBN: 9781589066496

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates

1. Exchange rate policy advice is critical to the IMF’s purpose. 1 The IMF is charged by its Articles of Agreement and a landmark 1977 Executive Board Decision to exercise surveil...

Chapter 8. Is the Egg Basket Worth Its Price? The Fiscal Implications of Pension Privatization in Eastern Europe

Chapter 8. Is the Egg Basket Worth Its Price? The Fiscal Implications of Pension Privatization in Eastern Europe »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction Eastern European countries were among the pioneers in introducing mandatory privately funded schemes into their pension systems. Their approach to pension privatization,...

Chapter 2: Is the IMF’s Role in Exchange Rate Policy Advice Well Defined and Understood?

Chapter 2: Is the IMF’s Role in Exchange Rate Policy Advice Well Defined and Understood? »

Source: IEO Evaluation of Exchange Rate Policy

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2007

ISBN: 9781589066496

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate policy, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates

Legal Framework and Practical Guidance 9. The IMF’s unique role in exchange rate surveillance derives from formal obligations on both the IMF itself and on member countries; particip...

Chapter 18. Latvia’s Multipillar Pension System: New Challenges in the Wake of the Economic Crisis

Chapter 18. Latvia’s Multipillar Pension System: New Challenges in the Wake of the Economic Crisis »

Source: Equitable and Sustainable Pensions : Challenges and Experience

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Frank Eich , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2014

ISBN: 9781616359508

Keywords: pension, pensions, benefits, pension system, retirement age

Introduction In 1991, Latvia inherited its pension system from the Soviet Union, including its low statutory retirement age (55 for women, 60 for men), high income replacement rates...