This study, another in the series focusing on special issues in transition, reviews the experience of output decline and recovery in the 25 countries of eastern and central Europe and the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union. Although these countries began the process of economic transformation with similar circumstances of output decline, the extent of decline, its duration, and the sustainability of recovery in growth varied considerably. The authors explore the factors behind this variation and find that the most important policies promoting early and sustained recovery were ones that supported financial stabilization and structural reforms in key areas such as private sector development, the tax system, economic liberalization, and secure property rights.
The paper analyzes economic developments and policies over the past couple of years, with emphasis on the period since mid-1998. It assesses consequences for the economy of several external shocks and provides an overview of recent developments. The nature and extent of the external shocks affecting the economy and the internal constraints that characterize the Uzbek economy are detailed. The paper also analyzes the policy responses to these shocks and the results of these policies. A set of tables updates available economic data series.
Ms. Anna Unigovskaya and Ms. Valerie A Mercer-Blackman
This paper makes use of the IMF’s Database for Monitoring Fund Arrangements (MONA) to investigate whether transition countries that more successfully implement the conditionality of IMF programs tend to show a better performance on recovery and growth. It is not possible to determine a clear-cut relationship between the index that determines the level of compliance with structural benchmarks in IMF programs and growth. However, the paper finds a definite, positive relationship between the index of compliance with performance criteria and growth, even after controlling for the extent of stabilization of the transition countries.