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Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Definition and Measurement Energy subsidies comprise both consumer and producer subsidies. Consumer subsidies arise when the prices paid by consumers, including both firms (intermedi...

CHAPTER 3 Evaluations of IMF Surveillance and Research Activities

CHAPTER 3 Evaluations of IMF Surveillance and Research Activities »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2000 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758439

Keywords: central bank, financial sector, financial statements, debt relief, balance of payments

Recent world economic developments led to broad international agreement in 1998 on the main elements of a strengthened international monetary and financial system and on the IMF’s key role in the effort to s...

CHAPTER 6 Financial Operations and Support for Member Countries

CHAPTER 6 Financial Operations and Support for Member Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2000 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758439

Keywords: central bank, financial sector, financial statements, debt relief, balance of payments

The IMF is a cooperative institution—in some ways like a credit union—in which member countries provide temporary financial assistance to other members experiencing difficulties in paying for imports of good...

chapter i OVERVIEW

chapter i OVERVIEW »

Source: Official Financing : Recent Developments and Selected Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2004

ISBN: 9781589062283

Keywords: debt, creditors, debt relief, debt service

After increasing more than threefold between 1990 and 1996, total net resource flows to developing countries have since halved, despite a brief recovery in 1999 (Figure 1.1). 1, 2...

chapter ii RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN EXPORT CREDITS

chapter ii RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN EXPORT CREDITS »

Source: Official Financing : Recent Developments and Selected Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2004

ISBN: 9781589062283

Keywords: debt, creditors, debt relief, debt service

Over 90 percent of world trade is conducted on the basis of cash or short-term credit, with the remainder supported by medium- and long-term credit and other means of financing. Trade financing therefore is...

chapter iii FINANCING FROM MULTILATERAL INSTITUTIONS

chapter iii FINANCING FROM MULTILATERAL INSTITUTIONS »

Source: Official Financing : Recent Developments and Selected Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2004

ISBN: 9781589062283

Keywords: debt, creditors, debt relief, debt service

Lending by Multilateral Development Banks Gross multilateral development bank (MDB) lending to developing countries remained relatively flat over the second half of the 1990s and thr...

CHAPTER 2 IMF Country, Global, and Regional Surveillance

CHAPTER 2 IMF Country, Global, and Regional Surveillance »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2000 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758439

Keywords: central bank, financial sector, financial statements, debt relief, balance of payments

Central to the IMF’s mandate of improving the operation of the international monetary system is its oversight (or “surveillance”) of the economic and financial policies of its member countries. IMF surveilla...

CHAPTER 8 IMF Organization, Staffing, and Budget

CHAPTER 8 IMF Organization, Staffing, and Budget »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2000 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758439

Keywords: central bank, financial sector, financial statements, debt relief, balance of payments

Financial year 2000 saw several important staffing and organizational changes, most notably the changes in the IMF’s management team. On November 9, 1999, Managing Director Michel Camdessus announced his int...

Chapter 1. Introduction and Background

Chapter 1. Introduction and Background »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

The recent surge in international energy prices, combined with incomplete pass-through to domestic prices, has prompted calls to phase out energy subsidies. 1 International energy...

chapter iv DEBT RESTRUCTURING WITH OFFICIAL BILATERAL CREDITORS

chapter iv DEBT RESTRUCTURING WITH OFFICIAL BILATERAL CREDITORS »

Source: Official Financing : Recent Developments and Selected Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2004

ISBN: 9781589062283

Keywords: debt, creditors, debt relief, debt service

Debt Rescheduling with Paris Club Creditors Developments in 2001–02 During 2001–02, Paris Club creditors concluded 30 rescheduling or deferral agreemen...