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Mr. Mark R. Stone

Abstract

Examines the steps involved in restructuring the corporate sector. Large-scale corporate restructuring made necessary by a financial crisis is one of the most daunting challenges faced by economic policymakers. The government is forced to take a leading role, even if indirectly, because of the need to prioritize policy goals, address market failures, reform the legal and tax systems, and deal with the resistance of powerful interest groups.

Mr. Mark R. Stone

Abstract

Examines the steps involved in restructuring the corporate sector. Large-scale corporate restructuring made necessary by a financial crisis is one of the most daunting challenges faced by economic policymakers. The government is forced to take a leading role, even if indirectly, because of the need to prioritize policy goals, address market failures, reform the legal and tax systems, and deal with the resistance of powerful interest groups.

Mr. Marc G Quintyn and Mr. Michael W Taylor

Abstract

En casi todas las grandes crisis financieras de la última década --desde Asia oriental a Rusia, Turquía y América Latina-- la interferencia política en la regulación del sector financiero contribuyó a agravar una situación ya de por sí mala. Las presiones políticas no solo debilitaron la regulación financiera sino que también impidieron que los órganos reguladores y supervisores tomaran medidas contra los bancos en problemas. En este estudio se investiga por qué, para cumplir con su mandato de preservar la estabilidad del sector financiero, los reguladores y supervisores del sector financiero tienen que ser independientes --de la industria de servicios financieros, así como del gobierno-- a la vez que deben rendir cuentas.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

Over the past 25 years, the share of employment accouted for bymanufacturing has fallen dramatically in the world's most advanced economies, a phenomenon widely referred to as "deindustrialization."Many see deindustrialization as widening income inequalities and causinga sharp rise in unemployment. This paper argues that, contrary to popularperception, deindustrialization should not be regarded as alarming, butrather as a natural consequence of continued economic growth within the advanced economies.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

During the past 25 years, employment in manufacturing as a share of total employment has fallen dramatically in the world’s most advanced economies, a phenomenon widely referred to as “deindustrialization.” The trend, particularly evident in the United States and Europe, is also apparent in Japan and has been observed most recently in the Four Tiger economies of East Asia (Hong Kong, China, Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan Province of China). Not surprisingly, deindustrialization has caused considerable concern in the affected economies and has given rise to a vigorous debate about its causes and likely implications. Many regard deindustrialization with alarm and suspect it has contributed to widening income inequality in the United States and high unemployment in Europe. Some suggest that deindustrialization is a result of the globalization of markets and has been fostered by the rapid growth of North-South trade (trade between the advanced economies and the developing world). These critics argue that the fast growth of labor-intensive manufacturing industries in the developing world is displacing the jobs of workers in the advanced economies.

Mr. Andrew Berg and Ms. Catherine A Pattillo

Abstract

La integración de los mercados financieros de todo el mundo durante la última década ha planteado nuevos retos para las autoridades. La velocidad con que el dinero puede convertirse de una moneda a otra y trasladarse de un país a otro se ha acelerado al mejorar la eficiencia de las comunicaciones globales, lo cual reduce considerablemente el tiempo de que disponen las autoridades para responder a las crisis en ciernes. Este folleto pasa revista a los intentos de los economistas por predecir las crisis mediante el desarrollo de sistemas de alerta temprana a fin de transmitir señales cuando se estén gestando problemas en los mercados de divisas y en los sistemas bancarios.

Ms. Eva H. G. Hüpkes, Mr. Michael W Taylor, and Mr. Marc G Quintyn

Abstract

Les décideurs rechignent souvent à accorder l’indépendance aux agences qui réglementent et supervisent le secteur financier, car ils craignent que ces agences, avec leurs responsabilités et leurs pouvoirs étendus, puissent imposer leur loi. Cette brochure décrit les mécanismes permettant de garantir que ces agences soient redevables non seulement envers l'État, mais également envers le secteur qu'elles supervisent et envers le grand public, et propose des exemples de divers pays.