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The Costs and Benefits of Various Wage Bargaining Structures
			: An Empirical Exploration

The Costs and Benefits of Various Wage Bargaining Structures : An Empirical Exploration »

Volume/Issue: 2002/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849257.001

ISBN: 9781451849257

Keywords: internal factors, wage, bargaining, Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs: General, Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects,

The literature on the relationship between the unemployment rate and wage bargaining fails to separate the offsetting effects of a reduction in competition associated with centralized bargaining and the increased a...

5 Implications of Past Fiscal Developments and Policies

5 Implications of Past Fiscal Developments and Policies »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

In this chapter, a desirable method of analysis would have been to link movements in the fiscal data presented in Chapter 2 to indicators of economic performance; however, such an approach was not possible f...

Introduction

Introduction »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

This part of the study serves as a background to the comparative analysis in Part I. It traces some of the prominent features of fiscal developments in the 1970s and early 1980s in...

7 Ireland

7 Ireland »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

Ireland recorded positive growth rates in every year from 1972 to 1982. The growth path was irregular, however, ranging between 2 percent and 8 percent a year, reflecting the vulnerability of the highly open...

8 Luxembourg

8 Luxembourg »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

External influences predominate in the exceptionally open Luxembourg economy where foreign trade amounts to 85 percent of GDP, if services are included. The steel industry is the major contributor to exports...

9 Netherlands

9 Netherlands »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

During 1972–76, with the exception of 1975 when real GDP declined by 1 percent, economic growth was fairly strong in the Netherlands, averaging 4½ percent a year. Since 1977, however, growth rates have been...

10 New Zealand

10 New Zealand »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

Unstable and increasingly difficult export market conditions for New Zealand’s agricultural products, which account for 70 percent of total exports, and the two oil crises occasioned considerable instability...

The Nordic Labor Market and Migration

The Nordic Labor Market and Migration »

Source: The Nordic Labor Market and Migration

Volume/Issue: 2015/254

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giang Ho , and Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2015

ISBN: 9781513528366

Keywords: Nordic countries, migration, labor market, unemployment, Nordic model, labor, labor supply, drivers, Institutions and the Macroeconomy, Labor Force and Employment

The large influx of migrants to Nordic countries in recent years is challenging the adoptability of Nordic labor market institutions while also adding to potential growth. This paper examines the trends, economic d...

11 Norway

11 Norway »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

Economic growth was higher in Norway in the 1970s than in most other industrial countries. From 1972 to 1979, GDP growth rates averaged almost 5 percent a year in reaction to rising oil activity and expansio...

Norway: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Norway

Norway: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Norway »

Source: Norway : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Norway

Volume/Issue: 2019/159

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498319157

Keywords: Financial statistics, Fiscal policy, Unemployment, Credit, Gross domestic product, Norges bank, non-oil, percent of GDP, output gap, CFT

While many advanced economies are experiencing slower growth, Norway's output has continued to expand strongly, helped by a robust labor market, positive terms of trade, and some competitiveness gains. Core inflati...