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Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2013 : Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2013

ISBN: 9781475566253

Keywords: public debt, government debt, fiscal adjustment, central bank, debt ratios

Continued progress in reducing advanced economy deficits and a gradually improving external environment have lowered short-term fiscal risks, according to this issue, but global prospects nevertheless remain subdue...

Glossary

Glossary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2013 : Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2013

ISBN: 9781475566253

Keywords: public debt, government debt, fiscal adjustment, central bank, debt ratios

Term Definition Automatic stabilizers...

2. Medium-Term Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

2. Medium-Term Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2013 : Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2013

ISBN: 9781475566253

Keywords: public debt, government debt, fiscal adjustment, central bank, debt ratios

Almost all advanced economies have implemented significant fiscal adjustment since 2010. Nevertheless, their current fiscal positions differ significantly, primarily reflecting uneven starting c...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2013 : Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2013

ISBN: 9781475566253

Keywords: public debt, government debt, fiscal adjustment, central bank, debt ratios

This appendix comprises five sections: “Data and Conventions” provides a general description of the data and of the conventions used for calculating economy group composites. “Fisca...

1. Recent Fiscal Developments and the Short-Term Outlook

1. Recent Fiscal Developments and the Short-Term Outlook »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2013 : Fiscal Adjustment in an Uncertain World

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2013

ISBN: 9781475566253

Keywords: public debt, government debt, fiscal adjustment, central bank, debt ratios

Deficits will continue falling in nearly all advanced economies this year, at a slightly faster overall pace than in 2012. Fiscal deficits narrowed on average by some ¾ percent of GDP l...

The Rising Resilience of Emerging Market and Developing Economies

The Rising Resilience of Emerging Market and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2012/300

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abdul Abiad , John Bluedorn , Jaime Guajardo , and Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475584851.001

ISBN: 9781475584851

Keywords: low-income countries, growth, expansion, recovery, inflation, external shocks, domestic shocks, trade openness, low inflation, General

Economic performance in many emerging market and developing economies (EMDEs) improved substantially over the past twenty years. The past decade was particularly good-for the first time EMDEs spent more time in exp...

The Rising Resilience of Emerging Market and Developing Economies

The Rising Resilience of Emerging Market and Developing Economies »

Source: The Rising Resilience of Emerging Market and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2012/300

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abdul Abiad , John Bluedorn , Jaime Guajardo , and Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475584851

Keywords: low-income countries, growth, expansion, recovery, inflation, external shocks, domestic shocks, trade openness, low inflation, General

Economic performance in many emerging market and developing economies (EMDEs) improved substantially over the past twenty years. The past decade was particularly good-for the first time EMDEs spent more time in exp...

Income and Democracy
			: Lipset's Law Revisited

Income and Democracy : Lipset's Law Revisited »

Volume/Issue: 2012/295

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anke Hoeffler , Robert H. Bates , and Ghada Fayad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475596649.001

ISBN: 9781475596649

Keywords: democracy, dynamic panel data, parameter heterogeneity, cross-section dependence, time series, democratization, error correction coefficient, econometrics, political institutions, Models with Panel Data

We revisit Lipset‘s law, which posits a positive and significant relationship between income and democracy. Using dynamic and heterogeneous panel data estimation techniques, we find a significant and negative relat...

Income and Democracy

Income and Democracy »

Source: Income and Democracy : Lipset's Law Revisited

Volume/Issue: 2012/295

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anke Hoeffler , Robert H. Bates , and Ghada Fayad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475596649

Keywords: democracy, dynamic panel data, parameter heterogeneity, cross-section dependence, time series, democratization, error correction coefficient, econometrics, political institutions, Models with Panel Data

We revisit Lipset‘s law, which posits a positive and significant relationship between income and democracy. Using dynamic and heterogeneous panel data estimation techniques, we find a significant and negative relat...

Fiscal Rules at a Glance

Fiscal Rules at a Glance »

Source: Fiscal Rules at a Glance : Country Details from a New Dataset

Volume/Issue: 2012/273

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nina Budina , Tidiane Kinda , Andrea Schaechter , and Anke Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2012

ISBN: 9781616359102

Keywords: fiscal governance, rules, legislation, federal budget, legal obligation, regulation, Structure and Scope of Government, Deficit,

This paper provides country-specific information on fiscal rules in use in 81 countries from 1985 to end-September 2012. It serves as background material and update of the July 2012 Working Paper 'Fiscal Rules in R...