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International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.
This report evaluates Honduras’s fiscal transparency practices in relation to the IMF Fiscal Transparency Code (FTC). Honduras’s score is similar to those of other Latin American countries and emerging market economies that have undergone the evaluation. In relation to the fiscal transparency principles, Honduran practices are considered basic in 15 areas; good in seven areas; and advanced in six areas. Fiscal transparency practices in the area of fiscal forecasting and budgeting are the strongest, while the fiscal risk analysis and management practices are the weakest. Finally, Honduras’s current fiscal transparency practices fall short of the FTC principles in eight areas.
International Monetary Fund. Communications Department
Finance & Development, December 2020
International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Abstract

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2020

International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Abstract

The pandemic continues to spread in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), but economic activity is picking up. After a deep contraction in April, activity started recovering in May, as lockdowns were gradually eased, consumers and firms adapted to social distancing, some countries introduced sizable policy support, and global activity strengthened.

International Monetary Fund
This paper provides an interim update on implementation of the 2018 Framework for Enhanced Fund Engagement on Governance. This update is in advance of a comprehensive formal review of the Framework scheduled for mid-2021.
International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The Articles of Agreement of the International Monetary Fund were adopted at the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference (Bretton Woods, New Hampshire) on July 22, 1944. They were originally accepted by 29 countries and since then have been signed and ratified by a total of 189 Member countries. As the charter of the organization, the Articles lay out the Fund’s purposes, which include the promotion of “international monetary cooperation through a permanent institution which provides the machinery for consultation and collaboration on international monetary problems”. The Articles also establish the mandate of the Organization and its members’ rights and obligations, its governance structure and roles of its organs, and lays out various rules of operations including those related to the conduct of its operations and transactions regarding the Special Drawing Rights. The key functions of the IMF are the surveillance of the international monetary system and the monitoring of members’ economic and financial policies, the provision of Fund resources to member countries in need, and the delivery of technical assistance and financial services. Since their adoption in 1944, the Articles of Agreement have been amended seven times, with the latest amendment adopted on December 15, 2010 (effective January 26, 2016). The Articles are complemented by the By-laws of the Fund adopted by the Board of Governors, themselves being supplemented by the Rules and Regulations adopted by the Executive Board.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

Convenio Constitutivo

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

Esta nueva versión de 2011 del Convenio Constitutivo del FMI incluye cambios con respecto a la versión anterior, de 1992, que reflejan la adopción de la cuarta enmienda el 10 de agosto de 2009, así como la quinta y sexta enmiendas, que entraron en vigor el 18 de febrero de 2011 y el 3 de marzo de 2011, respectivamente.

International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Abstract

La Oficina de Evaluación Independiente (OEI) fue creada por el Directorio Ejecutivo del FMI en 2001. Proporciona evaluaciones objetivas e independientes sobre asuntos relacionados con el FMI. La OEI opera con independencia de la Gerencia y sin interferencias del Directorio Ejecutivo del FMI. Véase más información sobre las actividades de la OEl en su sitio web: www.ieo-imf.org.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

Cada vez más, los esfuerzos por liberalizar el comercio mundial se centran en el fortalecimiento de los vínculos entre las políticas comerciales y las estrategias de desarrollo de los países de bajo ingreso. No obstante, aunque una mayor apertura del comercio conlleva una promesa de crecimiento más rápido para los países pobres, también plantea riesgos para los países con economías pequeñas y poco diversificadas. Este folleto examina los estudios del personal técnico del FMI acerca de la naturaleza y la magnitud de estos riesgos y propone soluciones de política económica orientadas a objetivos específicos para flexibilizar el ajuste y alentar a los países en desarrollo a participar más plenamente en el sistema comercial internacional.